Chapter

Space,Time and Memory in the Hippocampal Formation

pp 107-125

Date:

Spatial Maps in the Entorhinal Cortex and Adjacent Structures

  • Dori DerdikmanAffiliated withRappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology Email author 
  • , Edvard I. MoserAffiliated withKavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for Neural Computation, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

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Abstract

This chapter presents an introductory overview on grid cells and other cell types in the entorhinal cortex and adjacent regions, which are believed to be part of the brain’s representation of space. Grid cells, which have been discovered only recently, are thought to be part of a class of cells in the mammalian hippocampal and parahippocampal cortices which are involved in the cognitive mapping of the spatial environment. These cells include also place cells, head-direction cells, and border cells. In this chapter, we shall portray the phenomenological characteristics of the recently discovered grid cells and compare them to the other types of mapping-related cells in hippocampal and parahippocampal regions.