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Polysaccharide Fibres in Textiles

  • Lidija Fras Zemljic
  • Silvo Hribernik
  • Avinash P. Manian
  • Hale B. Öztürk
  • Zdenka Peršin
  • Majda Sfiligoj Smole
  • Karin Stana Kleinscheck
  • Thomas BechtoldEmail author
  • Barbora Široká
  • Ján Široký
Chapter

Abstract

Besides naturally grown cellulose fibres like cotton, hemp or flax, interest in textile fibres made up from regenerated cellulose is growing. By sure the use of a polymer material, which is provided by nature in huge amounts, favours its use as more sustainable material compared to oil-based products. However, a much stronger argument is the high variability of the properties that can be achieved, which allows design an extremely wide range of products.

In this chapter the main characteristics of textile fibres from regenerated cellulose are highlighted. Dependent on the production process, pore characteristics, accessibility and surface can be shaped. The chemical reactivity of the cellulose polymer and the swelling behaviour of the fibrous structure permit many chemical conversion processes towards specialised products.

Representative examples for fibre modifications are highlighted in this chapter, among them are fibre reorganisation during swelling processes, accessibility-controlled reactivity, plasma treatment for surface modification, antimicrobial functionalisation, deposition of magnetic nanoparticles and incorporation of pigments. The given examples demonstrate the diversity of processing strategies which all lead to unique products with specific functionality.

Keywords

Fibre Surface Viscose Fibre Conductometric Titration Water Retention Value Regenerate Cellulose Fibre 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/WIen 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lidija Fras Zemljic
    • 2
  • Silvo Hribernik
    • 3
  • Avinash P. Manian
    • 4
  • Hale B. Öztürk
    • 5
  • Zdenka Peršin
    • 3
  • Majda Sfiligoj Smole
    • 6
  • Karin Stana Kleinscheck
    • 2
  • Thomas Bechtold
    • 1
    Email author
  • Barbora Široká
    • 4
  • Ján Široký
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Institute for Textile Chemistry and Textile PhysicsUniversity InnsbruckDornbirnAustria
  2. 2.Laboratory of Characterization and Processing PolymersUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia
  3. 3.Laboratory for characterisation and processing of polymers, Institute for Textile Materials and DesignUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia
  4. 4.Research Institute for Textile Chemistry and Textile PhysicsUniversity InnsbruckDornbirnAustria
  5. 5.Lenzing AG, Textile Marketing, Business Unit Textile FibersLenzingAustria
  6. 6.Laboratory of characterisation and processing of polymers, Institute for Textile Materials and DesignUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia

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