Human–Machine Interfaces for Motor Rehabilitation

  • Ioannis KakkosEmail author
  • Stavros-Theofanis Miloulis
  • Kostakis Gkiatis
  • Georgios N. Dimitrakopoulos
  • George K. Matsopoulos
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 891)


Neurological disorders affect a large part of the population, causing cognitive and motor impairments. To that end, non-pharmacological interventions targeting support and restoration of the disrupted functions have been a major issue in modern society. New technologies enable effective communication between the affected individual and an external system, establishing the concept of a human–machine interface (HMI). This chapter seeks to describe the principles of modern noninvasive HMI systems and to present current trends regarding the methods used to capture physiological and non-physiological motor-related data in order to control external devices within a rehabilitation framework. Furthermore, in regard to classification and parameter complexity, computational intelligence tools, machine learning approaches and simulation testing are presented. The relevant applications are discussed within a taxonomy based on the nature of the motor-related source data, while methodological aspects and future challenges concerning the design of HMI systems for rehabilitation purposes are also included.


Motor impairments Rehabilitation Human–machine interfaces Motor functions modeling Computational intelligence 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioannis Kakkos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stavros-Theofanis Miloulis
    • 1
  • Kostakis Gkiatis
    • 1
  • Georgios N. Dimitrakopoulos
    • 1
    • 2
  • George K. Matsopoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electrical and Computer EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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