Promoting a Level Playing Field Among Rightholders

  • Nikita Malevanny
Part of the Munich Studies on Innovation and Competition book series (MSIC, volume 12)


The objective of promoting a level playing field among rightholders may seem intuitive to many, although the question of what a level playing field is may still lack a common understanding. Copyright theorists have so far barely embraced this concept. At the same time, those familiar with recent public discussions of online music topics will have noticed that the desire for a “level playing field” is very much up in the air. As this regulatory objective is currently less elaborated in comparison to classical objectives of copyright addressed in the other chapters of this part, this section will discuss the theoretical underpinnings of this normative goal in greater detail and attempt to further develop its theoretical basis, supported by empirical observations.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikita Malevanny
    • 1
  1. 1.MunichGermany

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