Advertisement

Design of Photovoltaics-Based Manufacturing System Using Computer-Aided Design

  • José Ezequiel Santibañez-AguilarEmail author
  • Sergio Castellanos
  • Benjamin B. Shapiro
  • Douglas M. Powell
  • Ian M. Peters
  • Tonio Buonassisi
  • Daniel M. Kammen
  • Antonio Flores-Tlacuahuac
Chapter

Abstract

Carbon dioxide has increased drastically in the last decades due to energy production, exacerbating the global warming problem. To address this issue, researchers have focused on developing energy production technologies from renewable sources. From the renewable energy sources, solar has shown great promise chiefly due to its high availability. The conversion of solar energy into electricity (photovoltaics) requires specialized equipment such as solar cells, and a coordinated supply chain to be able to manufacture this technology in a sustainable way and at low cost. Therefore, this chapter proposes an approach based on mathematical programming for the optimal design of a solar photovoltaics manufacturing system considering diverse criteria linked to economic and environmental variables such as minimum sustainable price, transportation costs, and technical limits. In addition, the dependence of the minimum sustainable price over inflation, electricity price, and weighted average capital cost is analyzed, showing that a variation of minimum sustainable price could significantly change the manufacturing supply chain topology.

Keywords

Multi-objective optimization Solar modules Manufacturing photovoltaics system Expected value Worst case 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank the support from Mexican government agencies (ProMexico, SENER) with general data. Castellanos, S. thanks support from Tecnológico de Monterrey fellowship. Santibañez-Aguilar, J.E., and Flores-Tlacuahuac, A., appreciate the financial support provided by the Mexican National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT), Secretarıá de Energıa-Conacyt through the Binational Energy Laboratory grant. Also, Santibañez-Aguilar, J.E., Flores-Tlacuahuac, A., and Castellanos, S., thank the Energy and Climatic Change Research Group at Tecnologico de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico.

References

  1. 1.
    J.J. Michael, I. Selvarasan, R. Goic, Fabrication, experimental study, and testing of a novel photovoltaic module for photovoltaic thermal applications. Renew. Energy 90, 95–104 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Kim, B. Jeong, Closed-loop supply chain planning model for a photovoltaic system manufacturer with internal and external recycling. Sustainability 8(7), 596 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T.M. Razykov, C.S. Ferekides, D. Morel, E. Stefanakos, H.S. Ullal, H.M. Upadhyaya, Solar photovoltaic electricity: current status and future prospects. Sol. Energy 85(8), 1580–1608 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.D. Maycock, PV news. PV Energy Syst. 29, 108–119 (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.G. Loomis, J.H. Jo, M.R. Aldeman, Economic impact potential of solar photovoltaics in Illinois. Renew. Energy 87, 253–258 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Díaz, R. Peña, J. Muñoz, C.A. Arias, D. Sandoval, Field analysis of solar PV-based collective systems for rural electrification. Energy 36(5), 2509–2516 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.C. Goodrich, D.M. Powell, T.L. James, M. Woodhouse, T. Buonassisi, Assessing the drivers of regional trends in solar photovoltaic manufacturing. Energy Environ. Sci. 6(10), 2811–2821 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.M. Powell, R. Fu, K. Horowitz, P.A. Basore, M. Woodhouse, T. Buonassisi, The capital intensity of photovoltaics manufacturing: a barrier to scale and opportunity for innovation. Energy Environ. Sci. 8(12), 3395–3408 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Castellanos, J.E. Santibañez-Aguilar, B.B. Shapiro, D.M. Powell, I.M. Peters, T. Buonassisi, …, A. Flores-Tlacuahuac, Sustainable silicon photovoltaics manufacturing in a global market: a techno-economic, tariff, and transportation framework. Appl. Energy 212, 704–719 (2018)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Norberto, C.N. Gonzalez-Brambila, Y. Matsumoto, Systematic analysis of factors affecting solar PV deployment. J. Energy Storage 6, 163–172 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E.R. Shouman, E.T. El Shenawy, N.M. Khattab, Market financial analysis and cost performance for photovoltaic technology through international and national perspective with a case study for Egypt. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 57, 540–549 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Dehghani, M.S. Jabalameli, A. Jabbarzadeh, Robust design and optimization of the solar photovoltaic supply chain in an uncertain environment. Energy 142, 139–156 (2018a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. Dehghani, M.S. Jabalameli, A. Jabbarzadeh, M.S. Pishvaee, Resilient solar photovoltaic supply chain network design under business-as-usual and hazard uncertainties. Comput. Chem. Eng. 111, 288–310 (2018b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.F. Sánchez-Bautista, J.E. Santibañez-Aguilar, L.F. Fuentes-Cortes, A. Flores-Tlacuahuac, J.M. Ponce-Ortega, A multi-stakeholder approach for the optimal planning of sustainable energy systems. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 6, 9451–9460 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L.F. Fuentes-Cortés, Y. Ma, J.M. Ponce-Ortega, G. Ruiz-Mercado, V.M. Zavala, Valuation of water and emissions in energy systems. Appl. Energy 210, 518–528 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.E. Santibañez-Aguilar, G. Guillen-Gosálbez, R. Morales-Rodriguez, L. Jiménez-Esteller, A.J. Castro-Montoya, J.M. Ponce-Ortega, Financial risk assessment and optimal planning of biofuels supply chains under uncertainty. Bioenergy Res. 9(4), 1053–1069 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D.M. Powell, M.T. Winkler, A. Goodrich, T. Buonassisi, Modeling the cost and minimum sustainable price of crystalline silicon photovoltaic manufacturing in the United States. IEEE J. Photovoltaics 3(2), 662–668 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    ALAMO, ALAMO software (2018), https://minlp.com/alamo. Accessed Feb 2019

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Ezequiel Santibañez-Aguilar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sergio Castellanos
    • 2
  • Benjamin B. Shapiro
    • 3
  • Douglas M. Powell
    • 6
  • Ian M. Peters
    • 4
  • Tonio Buonassisi
    • 5
  • Daniel M. Kammen
    • 2
  • Antonio Flores-Tlacuahuac
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Engineering and ScienceTecnologico de MonterreyMonterreyMexico
  2. 2.Energy and Resources Group and Berkeley Energy and Climate InstituteUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.E3 ConsultingSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.MIT Photovoltaic Research LaboratoryCambridgeUSA
  5. 5.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyMassachusetts AvenueCambridgeUSA
  6. 6.Golman School of Public PolicyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations