Data Standards, Device Interfaces, and Interoperability

  • Richard MobergEmail author
  • Christopher G. Wilson
  • Ryan Goldstein


In this chapter, we discuss challenges to standardizing data acquisition and interoperability in the neurocritical care realm. Currently, neurocritical care practitioners are limited in the scope and depth of the data that can be acquired and analyzed in real time or retrospectively because the devices, equipment, and applications are not well integrated or designed for those purposes. We provide a brief background pertinent to critical care data standards and an overview of the current “state of the art.” Specifically, we summarize the current data standards—both formally defined and de facto—as well as provide an overview of the software and hardware interfaces typically found on critical care instrumentation. Next, we discuss the challenges that must be overcome to provide hardware and software interoperability within neurocritical care facilities. Finally, we provide examples of successful standards development and deployment in other fields with suggestions for neurocritical care practitioners to adopt into their current workflow. Overcoming the challenges to interoperability of medical devices will help to expand the diagnostic and prognostic tools available in neurocritical care.


Monitors Medical device Plug and play Interoperability Data format 



The authors would like to thank Jan Wittenber for his thoughtful review and comments to this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Moberg
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher G. Wilson
    • 2
  • Ryan Goldstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Moberg Research, Inc.AmblerUSA
  2. 2.Lawrence D. Longo Center for Perinatal BiologyLoma Linda UniversityLoma LindaUSA

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