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Information Technology in Critical Care

  • Michael De GeorgiaEmail author
  • Farhad Kaffashi
  • Frank J. Jacono
  • Kenneth Loparo
Chapter

Abstract

There is a broad consensus that twenty-first century healthcare will require intensive use of information technology in order to acquire and analyze data and then manage and disseminate information. No area is more data intensive than the intensive care unit. While there have been major improvements in intensive care monitoring, including the development of enterprise clinical information systems, the medical industry, for the most part, has not incorporated many of the advances in computer science, biomedical engineering, signal processing, and mathematics that many other industries have readily embraced. Acquiring, synchronizing, integrating, and analyzing patient data remains frustratingly difficult because of incompatibilities among monitoring equipment, proprietary limitations from industry, and the absence of standard data formatting. In this paper, we will review the history of computers in the ICU along with commonly used monitoring and data acquisition systems, both those commercially available and those being developed for research purposes including our own efforts toward developing an integrated critical care informatics architecture.

Keywords

Critical care Informatics Monitoring Data acquisition Data analysis Technology Computers 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael De Georgia
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Farhad Kaffashi
    • 3
  • Frank J. Jacono
    • 4
    • 5
  • Kenneth Loparo
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Center for Neurocritical Care, Neurological InstituteUniversity Hospitals Cleveland Medical CenterClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyCase Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  4. 4.Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of MedicineCase Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA
  5. 5.Division of PulmonaryLouis Stoke VA Medical CenterClevelandUSA
  6. 6.ISSACS: Institute for Smart, Secure and Connected SystemsClevelandUSA
  7. 7.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, IoT CollaborativeCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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