Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Elbow: Classification and Treatment Rationale
Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are indicated to assess osteochondritis dissecans for lesion stability and associated loose bodies, respectively. In general, osteochondritis dissecans can be distinguished into a stable or unstable lesion. For stable lesions in an immature patient, nonoperative treatment is advocated and consists of immediate cessation of sporting activities, analgesics, and strengthening exercises. For unstable lesions or stable lesions that do not respond to appropriate nonoperative treatment, a surgical approach is recommended. Many different techniques have been described over the past two decades. In this chapter we provide an overview of the existing classification systems, as well as a treatment rationale including the most commonly performed surgical techniques for capitellar osteochondritis dissecans.
Conflict of Interest: R. Bexkens R and N.F.J. Hilgersom have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose. D. Eygendaal is a consultant for Lima Elbow System and a speaker for the AO foundation.
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