Ulnar Collateral Ligament (UCL) Reconstruction Technique

  • Andrew B. Ebert
  • James R. AndrewsEmail author


Injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the medial elbow can be devastating to an overhead-throwing athlete. This can lead to pain and decreased velocity when attempting to throw with ultimate failure to throw/pitch and compete. Athletes who weight bear through the elbow (gymnast, competitive cheer, etc.) have also been found to be symptomatic with this injury. Reconstruction of the UCL was popularized by Dr. Frank Jobe and has been referred to as Tommy John surgery. The procedure was performed by Dr. Jobe on Tommy John, a Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher in 1974.


  1. 1.
    Cain EL, Andrews JR, Wilk KE, et al. Outcome of ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction of the elbow in 1281 athletes: results in 743 athletes with minimum 2-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2010;38:2426–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Warren Clinic Orthopedic Surgery and Sports MedicineTulsaUSA
  2. 2.Andrews Research and Education FoundationGulf BreezeUSA

Personalised recommendations