Logic Without Language
Does a dog think? Does a prelingual child think? Creatures without language seem to be making some logical inferences which allow them to make decisions. We offer a utility and perception based account which allows us to deal with this phenomenon formally. We offer the suggestion that non-lingual creatures have a certain perception of the world and that they make the best decisions relative to that perception. Logic may be “used” to infer non-perceived facts from perceived facts.
We thank Priya Chakraborty, John Greenwood, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Steve Pinker, Vaughan Pratt, Jesse Prinz, Yunqi Xue and two referees for useful suggestions to an earlier version of this research.
- 1.Dennett, D.C.: The Intentional Stance. MIT Press, Cambridge (1989)Google Scholar
- 2.McCarthy, J., Hayes, P.J.: Some philosophical problems from the standpoint of artificial intelligence. Stanford University, Computer Science Department (1969)Google Scholar
- 4.Rao, A.S., Georgeff, M.P.: BDI agents: from theory to practice. In: ICMAS 1995 (1995)Google Scholar
- 8.Von Uexküll, J.: A stroll through the worlds of animals and men: a picture book of invisible worlds. Semiotica 89(4), 319–391 (1992). There are other versions, 1934, and 1957, of the same paperGoogle Scholar