Portal Anatomy and Patient Positioning
Hip arthroscopy can be performed on patients positioned in either the lateral decubitus or the supine position. There is no significant difference in clinical outcomes and complication rates between these two positions. The hip joint can be divided into the central compartment and peripheral compartment. Appropriate placement of portals to both compartments of the hip is the key to successful hip arthroscopy. In addition, adequate distraction of the hip should be obtained when the central compartment is addressed. Different strategies to access the hip joint with arthroscopy have been published in the literature. No matter which technique is used, surgeons should be familiar with the anatomy and avoid iatrogenic damage to structures of the hip during the procedure.
KeywordsHip arthroscopy Position Portal Peripheral compartment Central compartment
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