Advertisement

How to Perform a Clinical Study: Level 4 Evidence—Case Report

  • Andrew J. Sheean
  • Gregory V. Gasbarro
  • Nasef M. N. Abedelatif
  • Volker Musahl
Chapter

Abstract

In spite of the advent of evidence-based medicine and the marked increase in the number of high-level studies published within the last decade, the case report remains an important type of research within the orthopaedic literature. The utility of case reports is born out of the novelty of musculoskeletal conditions and their treatments. Case reports are well-suited to describe a new condition, detail an uncommon presentation of an already described condition, recount the use of an innovative treatment approach, and document rare complications that, once shared, may prevent future occurrences. The successful publication of a case report requires that the author (1) emphasize the novelty of the subject matter, (2) focus on one or two main aspects of the clinical scenario, and (3) explain the importance of the observations being reported.

References

  1. 1.
    Friedman JN. The case for ... writing case reports. Paediatr Child Health. 2006;11:343–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kay J, Memon M, Sa D, Simunovic N, Musahl V, Fu FH, et al. A historical analysis of randomized controlled trials in anterior cruciate ligament surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017;99:2062–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schmitz MR, Jenne J. Acute tetraparesis caused by a cervical spine synovial cyst associated with an os odontoideum: a case report. JBJS Case Connect. 2012;2:e17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sheean AJ, Barrow AE, Burns TC, Schmitz MR. Iatrogenic hip instability treated with periacetabular osteotomy. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2017;25:594–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sun Z. Tips for writing a case report for the novice author. J Med Radiat Sci. 2013;60:108–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vandenbroucke JP. In defense of case reports and case series. Ann Intern Med. 2001;134:330–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Warner JJ, Paletta GA, Warren RF. Accessory head of the biceps brachii. Case report demonstrating clinical relevance. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992;179:181.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. Sheean
    • 1
  • Gregory V. Gasbarro
    • 1
  • Nasef M. N. Abedelatif
    • 2
  • Volker Musahl
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Beni Suef UniversityBeni SuefEgypt

Personalised recommendations