Budget and Control of Phosphorus in the Changjiang River Catchment and Its Mouth

  • Zhiliang ShenEmail author
  • Zheng Li
  • Hui Miao
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


The budget and major control factors of total phosphorus (TP) and dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) in the Changjiang catchment were estimated and discussed from the catchment scale. Results show that the export fluxes of TP and DIP were mainly controlled by the river runoff. The TP and DIP in the Changjiang River came mainly from agricultural nonpoint source P losses from fertilizer and soil and point sources of industrial waste and residential sewage discharges. The export fluxes of TP and DIP in the river mouth were only 27.0 and 28.3% of the imports from the river catchment, respectively, suggesting that most of P were removed in transportation. A mass of freshwater marshes in the river catchment was the main areas to remove P. Significant increasing in utilization of fertilizer P and incessant increasing in water and soil loss areas were the primary reasons of agricultural nonpoint source P losses. How to decrease the agricultural nonpoint source P loss from the catchment scale is a key controlling P concentration in the Changjiang River and its mouth. The point source industrial waste P discharge has been primarily treated in the river catchment, but the residential sewage P discharge needs further control.


Phosphorus Budget Source Control Agricultural nonpoint source Point source Changjiang River catchment Mouth 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental SciencesInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Life Sciences and Technique CollegeShanghai Fishery UniversityShanghaiChina

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