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Belastung und Beanspruchung im Arbeitsleben

  • Bettina S. WieseEmail author
  • Anna M. Stertz
Chapter
Part of the Was ist eigentlich …? book series (WIE)

Zusammenfassung

Das Kapitel führt in grundlegende Begriffe der arbeitspsychologischen Stressforschung ein sowie in verschiedene Modellvorstellungen zum Stresserleben, welche sowohl Einflussfaktoren der Person (z. B. kognitive Bewertungsprozesse) als auch der Situation (z. B. mangelnde Kontrollmöglichkeiten, Lärm) betreffen und auch persönliche sowie soziale Ressourcen mit einbeziehen. Es werden begriffliche Unterscheidungen zwischen Belastung und Beanspruchung erläutert und weiterhin differenziert zwischen den kurzfristigen und den möglichen langfristigen Folgen für Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden. Schließlich wird das stressrelevante Zusammenwirken arbeitsbezogenen Erlebens und Verhaltens auf der einen Seite und des Geschehens im außerberuflichen Bereich auf der anderen Seite thematisiert. Dazu gehören u. a. Erholungsprozesse in der arbeitsfreien Zeit, das Pendeln zwischen Wohn- und Arbeitsstätte sowie das alltägliche Zusammenspiel zwischen Erwerbs- und Familienleben.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für PsychologieRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenDeutschland

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