Fact sheets

  • Helena Hashemi Farzaneh
  • Udo Lindemann


The method describes five consecutive phases and shows reasons for iterations: In the problem definition phase, a specific (technical) problem is generalized. For the search phase, the method emphasizes the importance of formulating search terms. The analysis phase aims at identifying the underlying mechanisms of biological phenomena. In the principle phase, an abstract bio-inspired principle is developed to be detailed in the design phase.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Product Development and Lightweight DesignTechnical University of MunichGarchingGermany

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