Advertisement

Introduction to Millimeter/Sub-millimeter Astronomy

  • T. L. Wilson
Chapter
Part of the Saas-Fee Advanced Course book series (SAASFEE, volume 38)

Abstract

This chapter provides an introduction to the basics of radiative transfer, receivers, antennas and interferometry. Following this is an exposition of radiation mechanisms for continuum, atoms and molecules. Much of this material is contained in Rohlfs and Wilson (Tools of Radio Astronomy, Springer, Berlin, 2004, [36]), Wilson et al. (Tools of Radio Astronomy, Springer, Berlin, 2013, [52]). This chapter places more emphasis on current research in millimeter/sub-millimeter astronomy. The field of mm/sub-mm astronomy has become very large, so this presentation contains only a few derivations. In some cases, the approach is to quote a result followed by an example. Some common terms are used, but “jargon” has been avoided as much as possible. For the most part, references are to more recent work, where citations to earlier publications can be found. The units are mostly CGS with some SI units. This follows the usage in the astronomy literature. One topic not covered here is the polarization (see Rohlfs and Wilson, Tools of radio astronomy. Springer, Berlin, 2004, [36], Thum et al., [47] for an introduction). Another glaring omission is a treatment of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB), since this is not treated in the following lecture. The CMB emission is not weak, but does fill the entire sky, so special techniques and different interpretations must be employed.

References

  1. 1.
    Altenhoff, W. J., et al.: Veroeff. Sternwarte Bonn 59 (1960)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baars, J.W.M.: The Parabolic Reflector Antenna in Radio Astronomy and Communication, Astrophysics Space Science Library (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Balser, D.S., et al.: Ap. J. 430, 667 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bachiller, R., Cernicharo, J.: Science with the Atacama Large Millimeter Array: A New Era for Astrophysics. Springer, Berlin (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baker, A. J., et al.: From Z Machines to ALMA: (Sub)millimeter Spectroscopy of Galaxies. ASP Conf. Ser. 75 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bracewell, R.N.: The Fourier Transform and its Application, 2nd edn. McGraw Hill, New York (1986)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cornwell, T., Fomalont, E.B.: Self calibration in synthesis imaging in radio astronomy. ASP Conf. Ser. 6, 185 (1989)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    DeLucia, F.J., et al.: Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 21 (1972)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dicke, R.H.: Rev. Sci. Instrum. 17, 268 (1946)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Downes, D.: Radio telescopes: basic concepts in diffraction-limited imaging with very large telescopes. NATO ASI Ser. 274, 53 (1989)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dutrey, A.: IRAM Millimeter Interferometry Summer School 2 (2000)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gerlich, D., et al.: Phil. Trans. R. Soc. 364, 3007 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Goldsmith, P.F.: Instrumentation and Techniques for Radio Astronomy. IEEE Press, New. York (1988)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Goldsmith, P.F.: Quasioptical Systems: Gaussian Beam Quasioptical Propagation and Applications. Wiley-IEEE Press, New York (1994)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gordon, M.A., Sorochenko, R.L.: Radio Recombination Lines, their Physics and Astronomical Applications, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, vol. 282. Kluwer (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gull, S.F., Daniell, G.J.: Nature 272, 686 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gurvits, L., et al.: Radio Astronomy from Karl Jansky to Microjansky, EDP Sciences (2005)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Herbst, E.: Chem. Soc. Rev. 30, 168 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hildebrand, R.: Q. J. R. Astron. Soc. 24, 267 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Högbom, J.: Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 15, 417 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Holland, W.S., et al.: M.N.R.A.S. 303, 659 (1999)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jackson, J.M., et al.: Ap. J. Suppl. 163, 145 (2006)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jenkins, F.A., White, H.E.: Fundamentals of Optics, 4th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Johnstone, D., et al.: Ap. J. Suppl. 131, 505 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kroto, H.W.: Molecular Rotation Spectra. Dover, New York (1992)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Krügel, E.: The Physics of Interstellar Dust Institute of Physics Press, Bristol (2002)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Love, A.W. (ed.): Electromagnetic Horn Antennas. IEEE Press, New York (1976)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mangum, J.G., Wootten, A.: Ap. J. Suppl. 89, 123 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Marrone, D.P., et al.: Ap. J. 654, L57 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Martin-Pintado, J., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 286, 890 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mezger, P.G., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 228, 95 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Melia, F.: The Galactic Supermassive Black Hole. Princeton University Press, Princeton (2007)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Motte, F., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 476, 1243 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pawsey, J.L., Bracewell, R.N.: Radio Astronomy. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1954)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Reipurth, B., et al.: Protostars and Planets V. University of Arizona Press, Tucson (2007)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Rohlfs, K., Wilson, T.L.: Tools of Radio Astronomy. Springer, Berlin (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Rieke, G.H.: Detection of Light: From Ultraviolet to the Submillimeter, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2002)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Rybicki, G.B., Lightman, A.P.: Radiative Processes in Astrophysics. Wiley, New York (1979)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sandell, G.: MNRAS 271, 75 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Scaife, A.M.M., et al.: MNRAS 403, L46 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Scheuer, P.A.G.: Radiation in Plasma Astrophysics. Proc. Int. Sch. Phys. Enrico Fermi 39, 39 (1967)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Solomon, P.M., vanden Bout, P. A.: Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 43, 677 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Sparke, L., Gallagher, J.S.: Galaxies in the Universe: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2000)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Stahler, S.W., Palla, F.: The Formation of Stars. Wiley-VCH, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Tielens, A.G.G.M.: The Physics and Chemistry of the Interstellar Medium. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Thompson, A.R., et al.: Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2nd edn. Wiley, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Thum, C., et al.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 120, 777 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Townes, C.H., Schawlow, A.H.: Microwave Spectroscopy. Dover, New York (1975)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Vastel, C., et al.: Ap. J. 645, 1198 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Wilson, T.L., Huettemeister, S.: Tools of Radio Astronomy: Problems and Solutions. Springer, Berlin (2005)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Wilson, T.L., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 460, 533 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Wilson, T.L., et al.: Tools of Radio Astronomy. Springer, Berlin (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Radio AstronomyBonnGermany

Personalised recommendations