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Spezielle Aspekte der Haut- und Schleimhautpflege nach Tracheotomien

  • U. Wollina
  • F. Pabst
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Das Tracheostoma bedarf stets einer besonderen Pflege zum Funktionserhalt und zur Vermeidung von Komplikationen. Durch Speichel und Sekretaustritt sowie Kanülenbewegungen können Irritationen am Tracheostoma ausgelöst werden. Das Kapitel befasst sich speziell mit Diagnostik und Therapie von Wundinfektionen durch Bakterien und Pilze, Borkenbildungen und lokalen Blutungen. Spezielle Probleme bei vorbestehenden Hauterkrankungen und allergischen Schleimhautreaktionen werden eingehend besprochen. Besondere Beachtung finden die nicht selten auftretenden Narben und Keloide am Stoma mit wichtigen Prophylaxe- und Therapiehinweisen. Zur Sicherung der Funktion und Vermeidung von Komplikationen bei Tracheostoma-Patienten wird auf das Erfordernis von Pflegestandards und Pflegealgorithmen anhand von Beispielen hingewiesen.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik für Dermatologie und AllergologieStädtisches Klinikum DresdenDresdenDeutschland
  2. 2.Klinik für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Halschirurgie, Plastische OperationenStädtisches Klinikum DresdenDresdenDeutschland

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