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Implizite Motive im Sport

  • Mirko WegnerEmail author
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Die Motivationspsychologie wies früh darauf hin, dass man Personen nicht direkt nach ihren Motiven befragen kann, um z. B. langfristige Verhaltenstendenzen im Leistungs- und Gesundheitssport abzuleiten. Dies eröffnet ein spannendes Forschungsfeld um das Thema „unbewusste Motive“, die unter anderem Handlungsenergie liefern und bei der Selektion von Umweltreizen Einfluss nehmen. Dabei hat sich die Motivforschung besonders auf drei Motivthemen konzentriert: Leistung, Anschluss, Macht. Dieses Kapitel beantwortet Fragen wie: Was unterscheidet implizite Motive von expliziten Selbstbildern? Wie lassen sich nicht-bewusste Motive messen? Wie entwickeln sich implizite Motive und wie können sie verändert werden? Die Befunde zu Erlebens- und Verhaltensvorhersagen im Sport und Gesundheitskontext, die mit herkömmlichen direkten Fragebogeninstrumenten nicht möglich sind, sowie klare (neuro-)physiologische Assoziationen beschreiben beispielhaft den Wert impliziter Motive für die Sportpsychologie.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für SportwissenschaftHumboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinDeutschland

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