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Alternative fuel for the cement industry

  • Mario Schmidt
  • Hannes Spieth
  • Christian Haubach
  • Christian Kühne

Abstract

The cement industry is one of the most energyintensive sectors. Most of the energy required for cement production is used for sintering the cement clinker. Traditionally, fossil fuels such as hard coal, lignite, petroleum coke and, to a lesser extent, heavy fuel oil are used as primary energy sources. However, changes in legal and economic conditions have led to an increase in the use of alternative fuels. The use of substitute or refuse derived fuels (RDF) thus keeps German cement production competitive and reduces the heavy dependence on fossil fuels.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Schmidt
    • 1
  • Hannes Spieth
    • 2
  • Christian Haubach
    • 1
  • Christian Kühne
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Industrial Ecology (INEC)Pforzheim UniversityPforzheimDeutschland
  2. 2.Umwelttechnik BW GmbHStuttgartDeutschland
  3. 3.Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector Baden-WürttembergStuttgartDeutschland

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