Analysis of Male and Female Athletes’ Muscle Activation Patterns During Running, Cutting, and Jumping

  • William P. EbbenEmail author
  • Timothy J. Suchomel


This chapter provides a comprehensive assessment of the biomechanics of ACL injuries and the muscle activation patterns contributing to and potentially preventing these injuries. Muscular activation differences between genders are compared during activities such as running, cutting, and jumping. Activation patterns and gender differences of muscles associated with the ankle, knee, and hip joints are described for each of these functional activities. Gender differences in dynamic neuromuscular control as a function of kinetic and kinematic factors in the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes are discussed.


Muscle activation ACL biomechanics ACL injury Quadriceps dominance 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lakeland UniversityPlymouthUSA
  2. 2.Carroll UniversityWaukeshaUSA

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