The Role of Shoe-Surface Interaction and Noncontact ACL Injuries

  • Ariel V. DowlingEmail author
  • Thomas P. Andriacchi


This chapter discusses the role of shoe-surface interaction with regard to the risk of noncontact ACL injuries in female athletes. Shoe characteristics such as the number, diameter, length, and placement of cleats are described relative to the role they may play in ACL injuries. The effect of playing surface characteristics is described for different types of grasses and artificial turfs. Climate conditions potentially affecting ACL injury rates are summarized. Biomechanical adaptations to shoe-surface interactions and environmental factors are discussed relative to increasing the risk of noncontact ACL injuries.


Shoe-surface interaction ACL injury Footwear ACL Turf injury 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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