Proximal Risk Factors for ACL Injury: Role of the Hip Joint and Musculature

  • Susan M. SigwardEmail author
  • Christine D. Pollard


This chapter summarizes the role of the hip for potentially injurious knee loading and noncontact ACL injuries. Anatomical factors of the hip and knee are discussed with regard to their interdependence during functional activities. The influence of hip mechanics on knee potentially injurious knee loading during functional tasks is described. The biomechanical factors of the hip joint that are associated with stiff landing and cutting strategies (that contribute to greater knee loading) are described. Neuromuscular and muscular contributions to altered hip mechanics leading to ACL injuries are considered.


Hip biomechanics Knee loading ACL injury Hip strength 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Southern California, Division of Biokinesiology and Physical TherapyLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Oregon State University CascadesBendUSA

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