Markerless Coil Classification and Localization in a Routine MRI Examination Setting using an RGB-D Camera
In a routine MRI scan, a radio-frequency (RF) coil must be selected and placed around the region of interest (ROI). This is a crucial step in the workflow as the accurate coil placement is paramount for obtaining high-quality images. However, in the existing workflow, the position of the coil placement on the patient is estimated empirically by the medical technical assistant (MTA). This routine coil placement process has two shortcomings. On the one hand, the expertise of MTA in coil placement, taking the anatomical difference between patients into account, have a huge impact on the accuracy of the coil placement, and subsequently the image quality. On the other hand, the risk of selecting and placing the incorrect coil should be also be acknowledged. To improve the current workflow and provide feedback ahead of the MRI scans, we use an RGB-D camera to acquire extra information. Using the depth images taken before and after placing the coil, we propose a novel method to classify the coil type and localize the coil position during the coil placement process such that the MTA can place the coil correctly and accurately. We trained and evaluated our method over 100 synthetic data sets. We used two types of coils and placed and deformed them differently according to the anatomical region. The evaluation shows that we can classify the coil type without any error, and localize the coil with a mean translational error of 7.1 cm and mean rotation angle error of 0.025 rad.
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