A Joint Probabilistic Model for Speckle Variance, Amplitude Decorrelation and Interframe Variance (IFV) Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography
Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) is a general method to visualize blood flow in biological tissue. Despite its good results in practice, the commonly used Amplitude Decorrelation OCTA (AD-OCTA) measure suffers from a well-understood objective function, which makes it challenging to mathematically model post processing tasks like, e.g., denoising. In this paper, a probabilistic model is developed for the three OCTA measures Speckle Variance OCTA, ADOCTA and the newly proposed Interframe Variance OCTA (IFV-OCTA) to enable further tasks like regularization-based denoising. From a theoretical point of view, IFV-OCTA is shown to be in-between the other two methods and can act as a link between them. A small sized observer study suggests that the image quality of IFV-OCTA is comparable to the other methods. IFV-OCTA is a promising OCTA measure for algorithms that require a dependency on the interscan time.
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