• Mariette Renaux-Petel
  • Pierre-Yves Mure
  • Daniela-Brindusa Gorduza
  • Pierre MouriquandEmail author
Part of the Springer Surgery Atlas Series book series (SPRISURGERY)


Hypospadias is one of the most common urogenital anomalies, occurring in 3 in 1000 births. It is better defined as an arrest of the development of the genital tubercle (GT) during week 6 and week 16 of gestation, leading to hypoplasia of the tissues forming the ventral aspect (ventral radius) of the penis beyond the division of the corpus spongiosum. It is characterized by a ventral triangular defect whose summit is the division of the corpus spongiosium, whose sides are represented by the two pillars of atretic spongiosum, and whose base is the glans itself. Surgery entails three main steps: 1) Degloving the GT to identify the level of division of the corpus spongiosum which is the main criteria to define hypospadias severity; 2) Choosing the adequate technique of urethroplasty; 3) Covering the straightened GT with penile skin. Evaluation of outcome is another critical step and includes functional and cosmetic results until adulthood.


Hypospadias Hypospadias surgery Urethroplasty 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariette Renaux-Petel
    • 1
  • Pierre-Yves Mure
    • 1
  • Daniela-Brindusa Gorduza
    • 1
  • Pierre Mouriquand
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Paediatric Urology, Hôpital Mére-Enfant—Groupe Hospitalier EstUniversité Claude-Bernard Lyon 1BronFrance

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