Plant Ecology pp 827-841 | Cite as

Global Biogeochemical Cycles

  • Ernst-Detlef Schulze
  • Erwin Beck
  • Nina Buchmann
  • Stephan Clemens
  • Klaus Müller-Hohenstein
  • Michael Scherer-Lorenzen


In this chapter, the major global biogeochemical cycles (carbon, water, nitrogen and sulphur) are introduced in relation to environmental drivers as well as LU. To understand the interactions of the global biosphere with management and biogeochemistry, first, the global distribution of terrestrial ecosystems is presented, both based on climatic zones as well as on management. Then the major biogeochemical cycles of carbon, water, nitrogen and sulphur are explained, elaborating on the identity and the magnitude of the respective pools and fluxes, their interactions, but also on their major disturbances related to global change. Finally, the concept of ecosystem services is described.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst-Detlef Schulze
    • 1
  • Erwin Beck
    • 2
  • Nina Buchmann
    • 3
  • Stephan Clemens
    • 2
  • Klaus Müller-Hohenstein
    • 4
  • Michael Scherer-Lorenzen
    • 5
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for BiogeochemistryJenaGermany
  2. 2.Department of Plant PhysiologyUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Systems ScienceETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  4. 4.Department of BiogeographyUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  5. 5.Chair of Geobotany, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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