Insecticide Resistance

  • Patrick J. CollinsEmail author
  • David I. Schlipalius


The most significant recent advances in our knowledge of insecticide resistance in insect pests of stored products have been in the molecular genetics of resistance. Important advances have also been made in our understanding of fitness, population structure and gene flow and how this information can be integrated into simulation modelling to better manage resistance. Phosphine and pyrethroid resistance genes have been recently identified using advanced molecular techniques. Phosphine resistance is controlled by two major, autosomal, recessive genes, rph1 and rph2, which act synergistically to produce a strong resistance phenotype. The rph2 locus encodes the enzyme dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase, a discovery that provides insights into mode of action of phosphine. Molecular markers have been developed for rph2 in a few species and these have been used to sample field populations to obtain resistance gene frequencies in several countries. Fitness costs associated with resistance are not well understood. There is an indication of a fitness deficit associated with rph2 and pyrethroid resistance but not with rph1. Reports of population dispersal and neutral DNA marker studies indicate that dispersal and gene flow occur over broad areas in these species. Biological factors such as mated status and prior exposure to insecticide may also influence resistance selection and gene flow rates. Information on resistance genetics, insect biology and ecology, and insect response to insecticides can be integrated into realistic simulation models to test resistance management scenarios. These models provide the ability to test management tactics on a large scale and will become more valuable as more information is added.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agriculture and FisheriesEcosciences PrecinctBrisbaneAustralia

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