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Zentralvenöse Katheter bei Kindern

  • Christian Breschan
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Zentrale Venenkatheter dienen bei schwerkranken Kindern und Neugeborenen sowohl diagnostischen als auch therapeutischen Zwecken. Abgesehen von den sehr dünnlumigen und daher für Blutabnahmen und große Flüssigkeitsgaben nicht geeigneten epikutanen Venenkathetern bei Neugeborenen sollten alle zentralvenösen Kanülierungen bei Kindern unter realer Ultraschallsicht durchgeführt werden. Die in Zukunft wohl am häufigsten angewandte Technik dürfte die in der Längsachse durchgeführte Punktion der V. brachiocephalica sein. Einschränkungen des Ultraschalls sind lediglich die Nichtverfügbarkeit eines Geräts und physikalische Gründe, wie z. B. Luft bei einem Emphysem.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung für AnästhesiologieKlagenfurtÖsterreich

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