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Die Plazenta pp 135-187 | Cite as

Plazentabedingte Blutungen: Pathophysiologie, Diagnostik, Management

  • Thorsten Braun
  • Wolfgang Henrich
  • Julia Knabl
  • Franz Kainer
  • Renaldo Faber
  • Jan Pauluschke-Fröhlich
  • Karl-Oliver Kagan
  • Harald Abele
  • Lars-Christian Horn
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Die Plazenta im Spannungsfeld zwischen Mutter und Kind nimmt entscheidend Einfluss auf die Entwicklung des ungeborenen Kindes und den Gesundheitszustand der Mutter. Allzu oft wird der Rolle der Plazenta keine besondere Beachtung geschenkt. Doch gerade plazentabedingte Veränderungen, Variationen in der Anlage oder Erkrankungen und damit verbundene Komplikationen stellen einige der Hauptursachen für die maternale und neonatale Morbidität und Mortalität dar. Das Verständnis über Ätiologie und Pathophysiologie, der Einsatz der richtigen diagnostischen Methoden und die Durchführung einer gezielten Therapie kann helfen, die mütterliche Sterblichkeit zu senken und den Ausgang für das Neugeborene zu verbessern. In den folgenden Kapitelteilen werden die wichtigsten Themen der plazentabedingten Blutungen wie die abnormal invasive Plazenta (AIP), die Placenta praevia, Variationen des Nabelschnuransatzes, die vorzeitige Plazentalösung sowie Plazentatumore erörtert.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thorsten Braun
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Henrich
    • 2
  • Julia Knabl
    • 3
  • Franz Kainer
    • 4
  • Renaldo Faber
    • 5
  • Jan Pauluschke-Fröhlich
    • 6
  • Karl-Oliver Kagan
    • 6
  • Harald Abele
    • 6
  • Lars-Christian Horn
    • 7
  1. 1.Kliniken für Geburtsmedizin, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Abteilung für Experimentelle GeburtsmedizinCharité Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinDeutschland
  2. 2.Kliniken für Geburtsmedizin, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Campus Charité Mitte, Abteilung für Experimentelle GeburtsmedizinCharité Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinDeutschland
  3. 3.Klinik HallerwieseNürnbergDeutschland
  4. 4.Abteilung für Geburtshilfe und PränatalmedizinKlinik HallerwieseNürnbergDeutschland
  5. 5.Zentrum für Pränatale Medizin LeipzigLeipzigDeutschland
  6. 6.Department für Frauengesundheit TübingenUniversitätsfrauenklinik TübingenTübingenDeutschland
  7. 7.Institut für Pathologie, Arbeitsgruppe Gynäko-, Mamma- & PerinatalpathologieUniversitätsklinikum Leipzig AöRLeipzigDeutschland

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