Atoms with More Than One Electron

  • Wolfgang DemtröderEmail author
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)


In atoms with more than one electron additional problems arise that are caused by mutual electrostatic and magnetic interactions between the electrons. In addition, we are now confronted with new symmetry principles that are valid if two electrons are exchanged. These stem from the fact that electrons cannot be distinguished from each other.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich PhysikUniversität KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany

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