Advertisement

Biokerosene pp 43-57 | Cite as

Potential of Fossil Kerosene

  • Karsten Wilbrand
Chapter

Abstract

Aviation continuous to be a fast growing mobility sector; from 2003 to 2013 there was an increase of passenger kilometers by 73 %. This development is fueled by kerosene which is the synonym for a range of aircraft fuels for military and civil applications. Against this background this article provides an overview on how kerosene from fossil fuel energy (i.e. crude oil) developed from a fuel for lamps and heaters to a modern, versatile and safe fuel for aviation. This includes an overview of the chemical structure and properties of kerosene and how it is produced. Additionally key specifications for aircraft use are provided. Kerosene can also be produced from alternative fossil sources, as from natural gas or coal. These alternative options are described in more detail. The paper closes with a sustainability outlook for fossil kerosene.

References

  1. [1]
  2. [2]
    Bilkadi Z (1995) The oil weapons. Aramco World 46(1):20–27 http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/199501/the.oil.weapons.htm. Accessed 29 March 2016.
  3. [3]
    Pees ST, Whale oil versus the others. Petroleum History Institute. Accessed 17 November 2014 http://www.petroleumhistory.org/OilHistory/pages/Whale/whale.html
  4. [4]
    Cline B (2007) The History of Kerosene, History Magazine 2007.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Chevron, Aviation Fuels Technical Review 2017.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
  7. [7]
  8. [8]
    Shell Aviation Biofuels Handbook. Shell. http://www.csgnetwork.com/jetfuel.html. Accessed 29 March 2016
  9. [9]
    U. Venkata Ramana, DGM (Technical) Refinery HQ, IOCL, New Delhi; Industry – Academia Workshop On “Refining & Petrochemicals”, 25–28 Aug 2010)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Fuel Property, Emission Test, and Operability Results from a Fleet of Class 6 Vehicles Operating on Gas-To-Liquid Fuel and Catalyzed Diesel Particle Filters Yosemite Waters-Vehicle Evaluation Report – National Renewable Energy Lab.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Qatar Airways Becomes First to Operate Commercial Flight on GTL Jet Fuel Blend. Green Car Congress. http://www.greencarcongress.com/2009/10/qatar-gtl-20091012.html. Accessed 29 March 2016
  12. [12]
    Sasol takes to the skies with the world’s first fully synthetic jet fuel. Sasol. http://www.sasol.com/it/media-centre/media-releases/sasol-takes-skies-world-s-first-fully-synthetic-jet-fuel. Accessed 29 march 2016
  13. [13]
  14. [14]
    China Shenhua coal-to-liquids project profitable. Reuters. http://uk.reuters.com/article/shenhua-oil-coal-idUKL3E7K732020110908. Accessed 29 March 2016
  15. [15]
  16. [16]
  17. [17]

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shell Global SolutionsHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations