Advertisement

Biokerosene pp 259-275 | Cite as

Camelina – An Alternative Oil Crop

  • Margaret Campbell
Chapter

Abstract

Camelina sativa [L.] is an ancient oilseed which was grown extensively in Russia, the Middle East, Scandinavia and Europe up to the 1950’s. It produces an oil with potential as a low-input biofuels feedstock and which is known to have high levels of fatty acids beneficial for humans. The residual meal, after oil extraction, has various uses such as a protein source in food, in fodder, in aquaculture and as a fertilizer. Relatively tolerant of drought and frost, it is resistant to many pests and diseases that plague other oilseed crops. It usually costs less to grow than other oilseeds, is considered to be a short season crop and is adaptable to different seasonal and edaphic conditions. The production of biokerosene from camelina oil has been proven and its use in a blend for aviation has been assessed successfully in several test flights.

References

  1. [1]
    Bernardo A, Howard-Hildige R, O’Connell A, Nichol R, Ryan J, Rice B, Roche E, Leahy JJ (2003) Camelina oil as a fuel for diesel transport engines. Ind Crop Prod 17:191–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Fröhlich A, Rice B (2005) Evaluation of Camelina sativa oil as a feedstock for biodiesel production. Ind Crop Prod 21:25–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Toncea I, Necseriu D, Prisecaru T, Balint L-N, Ghilvacs M-I, Popa M (2013) The seed’s and oil composition of Camelia – first romanian cultivar of Camelina (Camelina sativa, L. Crantz). Rom Biotech Lett 18 (5):8594–8602Google Scholar
  4. [4]
  5. [5]
    Francis A, Warwick SI (2009) The biology of Canadian weeds. 142. Camelina alyssum (Mill.) Thell.; C. microcarpa Andrz. Ex DC.; C. sativa (L.) Crantz. Can J Plant Sci 89:791–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Putnam DH, Budin JT, Field LA, Breene WM (1993) Camelina: a promising low-input oilseed. In: Janick J, Simon JE, (eds) New crops.Wiley, New York, pp 314–322Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Klinkenberg B (ed) (2008) E-Flora BC: electronic atlas of the plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, VancouverGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Ehrensing DT, Guy SO (2008) Camelina. Oregon State University Extension Service, Corvallis. EM 8953-E. Retrieved 22 Aug 2015Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Campbell MC, Rossi AF, Erskine W (2013) Camelina (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz): Agronomic potential in Mediterranean environments and diversity for biofuel and food uses. Crop Pasture Sci 64(4):388–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Groeneveld JH, Klein A-M (2014) Pollination of two oil-producing plant species: Camelina (Camelina sativa L. Crantz) and pennycress (Thlaspi arvenseL.) double-cropping in Germany. BioenergConservBiodivers 6(3):242–251Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Knorzer KH (1978) Evolution and spread of Gold of Pleasure (Camelina sativa S.L.). Ber Deut Bot Ges 91:187–195Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Hjelmqvist H (1979) Beitrage zur Kenntnis der prahistorishen Nutzpflanzen in Schweden (German). Opera Bot 47:34–57Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Ghamkhar K, Croser J, Aryamanesh N, Campbell M, Kon’kova N, Francis C (2010) Camelina (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz) as an alternative oilseed: molecular and ecogeographic analyses. Genome 53:558–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Zubr J (1997) Oil-seed crop: Camelina sativa. Ind Crop Prod 6:113–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Walsh D, Sanderson D, Hall LM, Mugo S, Hills MJ (2014) Allelopathic effects of Camelina (Camelina sativa) and canola (Brassica napus) on wild oat, flax and radish. Allelopathy J 33(1):83–95Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    CBIF (2003) Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.cbif.gc.ca/. Accessed Apr 2016.
  17. [17]
    Plessers AG, McGregor WG, Carson RB, Nakoneshny W (1962) Species trials with oilseed plants II. Camelina. Can J Soil Sci 42:452–459Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Robinson RG (1987) Camelina: a useful research crop and a potential oilseed crop. Minnesota Agr. Expt Sta Bul 179. Report No. 579. Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy. http://hdl.handle.net/11299/141546
  19. [19]
    Grady K, Thandiwe N (2010) Camelina production. South Dakota State University, Extension Extra, ExEx8167, May 2010Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Crowley JG, Fröhlich A (1998) Factors affecting the composition and use of Camelina. Teagasc Project Report No. 4319, Crop Research Centre, Teagasc. DublinGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Sintim HY, Zheljazkov VD, Obour AK, Garcia y Garcia A, Foulke TK (2016) Evaluating agronomic responses of Camelina to seeding date under rain-fed conditions. Agron J 108:349–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Dobre P, Jurcoane S, Matei F, Stelica C, Faracas N, Moraru AC (2014) Camelina sativa as a double crop using the minimal tillage system. Rom Biotech Lett 19(2)Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    McVay KA, Lamb PF (2008) Camelina production in Montana. Montana State University Extension, MontGuide, MT200701AG Revised 3/08Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Chen C, Bekkerman A, Afshar RK, Neill K (2015) Intensification of dryland cropping systems for bio-feedstock production: Evaluation of agronomic and economic benefits of Camelina sativa. Ind Crop Prod 71:114–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Crowley JG (1999) Evaluation of Camelina sativa as an Alternative Oilseed Crop. Crops Research Centre, Oak Park, Carlow. Teagasc, DublinGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Jha P, Stougaard RN (2013) Camelina (Camelina sativa) tolerance to selected preemergence herbicides. Weed SciSoc Am 27(4):712–717Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Hulbert S, Guy S, Pan B, Paulitz T, Schillinger B, Wysocki D, Sowers K (2011) Camelina production in the dryland Pacific Northwest. Washington State University, Extension Fact Sheet • FS073EGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Hunter J, Roth G (2010) Camelina production and potential in Pennsylvania, Agronomy Facts 72. College of Agricultural Sciences, Crop and Soil Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, State CollegeGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Lovett JV (1985) Defensive stratagems of plants, with special reference to Allelopathy. Pap. proc. R. Soc. Tasmania 119:1985Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Urbaniak SD Caldwell CD Zheljazkov VD Lada R Luan L (2008b) The effect of seeding rate, seeding date and seeder type on the performance of Camelina sativa L. in the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Can J Plant Sci 88:501–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Johnson EN, Falk K, Klein-Gebbinck H, Lewis L, Malhi S, Leach D, Shirtliffe S, Holm FA, Sapsford K, Hall L, Topinka K, May W, Nybo B, Sluth D, Gan Y, Phelps S (2011) Agronomy of Camelina sativa and Brassica carinata. Western Applied Research Corporation (WARC), Saskatchewan, Canada Final ReportGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Obour KA, Sintim YH, Obeng E, Jeliazkov DV (2015) Oilseed Camelina (Camelina sativa L Crantz): production systems, prospects and challenges in the USA great plains. Adv Plants Agric Res 2(2):00043.  https://doi.org/10.15406/apar.2015.02.00043 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Enjalbert JN, Johnson JJ (2009) Guide for producing dryland Camelina in Eastern Colorado Fact Sheet No. 0.709Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    DuByne D (2016) Oilseed crops food & energy. Myanmar Times, http://www.oilseedcrops.org/Camelina/. Accessed 24 Apr 2016
  35. [35]
    Porcher FP (1863) Resources of the Southern fields and forests, medical, economical, and agricultural. Being also a medical botany of the Confederate States; with practical information on the useful properties of the trees, plants, and shrubs. Steam-Power Press of Evans & Cogswell, Richmond [Online]. http://docsouth.unc.edu/imls/porcher/porcher.html. Accessed 19 Oct2009
  36. [36]
    Gesch RW (2014) Influence of genotype and sowing date on Camelina growth and yield in the north central U.S. Ind Crop Prod 54(March): 209–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Gugel RK, Falk KC (2006) Agronomic and seed quality evaluation of Camelina sativa in western Canada. Can J Plant Sci 86:1047–1058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Berti M, Wilckens R, Fischer S, Solis A, Johnson B (2011) Seeding date influence on Camelina seed yield, yield components, and oil content in Chile. Ind Crop Prod 34:1358–1365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Jackson G Professor of agronomy western triangle Ag. Research Center, Conrad (2008) Response of Camelina to nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur, February 2008 Number 49Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    Johnson EN, Falk K, Klein-Gebbinck H, Lewis L, Vera C, Shirtliffe S, Gan Y, Hall L, Topinka K, Nybo B, Sluth D, Bauche C, Phelps S (2008) Agronomy of Camelia sativa. Western Applied Research Corporation (WARC), Saskatchewan, Canada Annual reportGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    Urbaniak SD, Caldwell CD, Zheljazkov VD, Lada R, Luan L (2008a) The effect of cultivar and applied Nitrogen on the performance of Camelina sativa L. in the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Can J Plant Sci 88(1): 111–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    Malhi SS, Johnson EN, Hall LM, May WE, Phelps S, Nybo B (2014) Effect of nitrogen fertilizer application on seed yield, N uptake, and seed quality of Camelina sativa. Can J Soil Sci 94:3547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    Hansen LN (1998) Intertribal somatic hybridization between rapid cycling Brassica oleracea L. and Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz. Euphytica 104 (3):173–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    Li H, Barbetti MJ, Sivasithamparam K (2005) Hazard from reliance on cruciferous hosts as sources of major gene-based resistance for managing blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans) disease. Field Crop Res 91:185–198.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2004.06.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Fleenor RA (2011) Plant Guide for Camelina (Camelina sativa). USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, SpokaneGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    Bramm A, Dambroth M, Schulte-Kome S (1990) Analysis of yield components of linseed, false flax, and poppy. Landbauforsch Volk 40: 107–114Google Scholar
  47. [47]
    Roseberg RJ, Shuck RA (2009) Growth, seed yield, and oil production of spring Camelina sativa in response to irrigation rate, seeding date, and nitrogen rate, in the Klamath Basin, 2009. Agronomy Research in the Klamath Basin 2009 Annual Report. Klamath Basin Research & Extension Center Annual Research ReportGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    Johnson J, Enjalbert N, Schneekloth J, Helm A, Malhotra R, Coonrod D (2009) Development of oilseed crops for biodiesel production under Colorado Limited Irrigation Conditions. Final Report to the Colorado Water Institute, Fort CollinsGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    Korsrud GO, Keith MO, Bell JM (1978) A comparison of the nutritional value of Crambe and Camelina seed with egg and casein. Can J Animal Sci 58: 493– 499Google Scholar
  50. [50]
    Lange RW, Schumann M, Petrika H, Busch H, Marquand R (1995) Glucosinolates in linseed dodder. Fat Sci Tech 97(4):146– 152Google Scholar
  51. [51]
    Schuster A, Friedt W (1998) Glucosinolate content and composition as parameters of quality of Camelina seed. Ind Crop Prod 7:297–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. [52]
    Agegnehu M, Honermeier B (1997) Effects of seeding rates and nitrogen fertilization on seed yield. Seed quality and yield components of false flax (Camelina sativa Crtz.). Bodenkultur 4:15–21Google Scholar
  53. [53]
    Francis CM, Campbell MC (2003) New high quality oil seed crops for temperate and tropical Australia. RIRDC Publication No. 03/045 (RIRDC Project No. UWA-47A). ix + 27ppGoogle Scholar
  54. [54]
    Roseberg RJ, Bentley RA (2011) Growth, seed yield, and oil production of spring Camelina sativa in response to irrigation rate and harvest method, in the Klamath Basin 2011. Klamath Basin Research & Extension Center Annual Research ReportGoogle Scholar
  55. [55]
    Masella P, Martinelli T, Galasso I (2014) Agronomic evaluation and phenotypic plasticity of Camelina sativa growing in Lombardia, Italy. Crop Pasture Sci 65(5):453–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. [56]
    Budin JT, Breene WM, Putnam DH (1995) Some compositional properties of Camelina (Camelina sativa L Crantz) seeds and oils. J Am Oil Chem Soc 72: 309–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. [57]
    Katar D (2013) Determination of fatty acid composition on different false flax (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz) Genotypes under Ankara ecological conditions. Turk J Field Crops 18(1): 66–72Google Scholar
  58. [58]
    Gunstone FD (1958) Introduction to the chemistry of fats and fatty acids Chapman and Hall, London (2nd edn, 1967)Google Scholar
  59. [59]
  60. [60]
    Calais P, Clark AR (2007) Waste vegetable oil as a diesel replacement fuel. Western Australian Renewable Fuels Association (WARFA). www.warfa.asn.au/paper.html
  61. [61]
    Blin J, Brunschwig C, Chapuis A, Changotade O, Sidibe S, Noumi E, Girardet P (2013). Characteristics of vegetable oils for use as fuel in stationary diesel engines – towards specifications for a standard in West Africa. Renew Sust Energ Rev 22: 580–597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [62]
    Abramovic H, Abram V (2005) Physio-chemical properties, Composition and oxidative stability of Camelina sativa oil. Food Technol, Biotechnol 43(1): 63–70Google Scholar
  63. [63]
    Dubois V, Breton S, Linder M, Fanni J, Parmentier M (2007) Fatty acid profiles of 80 vegetable oils with regard to their nutritional potential. Eur J Lipid Sci Technol 109: 710–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. [64]
    Ole World Oils, Idaho (2011) http://camelinagold.com
  65. [65]
    Council of the European Union (1976) Council directive 76/621/EEC. Official Journal of the European Communities No. L 202/35Google Scholar
  66. [66]
    Davidson C, Newes E, Schwab A, Vimmerstedt L (2014) An overview of aviation fuel markets for biofuels stakeholders. Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20–60254. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, COGoogle Scholar
  67. [67]
    Shonnard DR, Williams L, Kalnes TN (2010) Camelina-derived jet fuel and diesel: sustainable advanced biofuels. Environ Prog Sustainable Energy 29:382–392  https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.10461 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. [68]
    Llamast A, Al-Lal A-M, Hernandez M, Lapuerta M, Canoira L (2012) Biokerosene from Babassu and Camelina Oils: production and properties of their blends with fossil kerosene. Energ Fuel 26(9):5968–5976CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Western AustraliaCentre for Legumes in Mediterranean AgricultureCrawleyAustralia

Personalised recommendations