• Ralf SchiebelEmail author
  • Christoph Hemleben


The calcareous planktic foraminifer shell has been analyzed for its chemical composition, and assumed proxy of the chemical composition of seawater since the pioneering works of Samuel Epstein and Cesare Emiliani in the 1950s (e.g., Epstein et al. in Geol Soc Am Bull 62:417–426, 1951; Emiliani in J Geol 63:538–578, 1955).


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Climate GeochemistryMax Planck Institute for ChemistryMainzGermany
  2. 2.Department of GeoscienceUniversity of TübingenBaden-WuerttembergGermany

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