Classification and Taxonomy of Extant Planktic Foraminifers

  • Ralf SchiebelEmail author
  • Christoph Hemleben


Classification of modern and fossil planktic foraminifers is based on a morphological species concept (i.e. morphotypes) for practical reasons, i.e. a non-destructive enumeration from strew-mounted samples, and economical (i.e. time-saving) analyses. Detailed classification of each test, for example, using scanning electron microscopy or analysis of the molecular genetics in case of live specimens would be too costly.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Climate GeochemistryMax Planck Institute for ChemistryMainzGermany
  2. 2.Department of GeoscienceUniversity of TübingenBaden-WuerttembergGermany

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