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Physikalisch und chemisch bedingte Hauterkrankungen

  • Uwe Wollina
Chapter
Part of the Springer Reference Medizin book series (SRM)

Zusammenfassung

Mechanische Faktoren beeinflussen Epidermisstruktur (Hornschicht und Epidermisdicke, Reteleistenmuster), Struktur des Bindegewebes und lokale Blutflussregulation, Pigmentierung und Innervation. Neben Hyperpigmentierung und Blasen sind hier verschiedene Formen der Hyperkeratose sowie Dekubitus, atypische dekubitale Fibroplasie, typische Veränderungen bei Amputationsstümpfen und das subkutane Emphysem zu nennen. Physikalische Ursachen für Hautläsionen sind am häufigsten Wärme, Kälte oder auch elektrischer Strom bzw. Blitzschlag; chemisch bedingte Hautläsionen treten v. a. in Form von Komablasen, Vergiftungen durch Biogas oder auch chemische Kampfstoffe, Verätzungen durch Laugen/Säuren auf. Auch durch Wassereinwirkung auf die Haut sind spezifische Veränderungen möglich.

Literatur

Mechanische Hautschädigungen

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Wärmebedingte Hauterkrankungen

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Wasserschädigungen der Haut

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik für Dermatologie und AllergologieStädtisches Klinikum Dresden, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der TU DresdenDresdenDeutschland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roland Kaufmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Direktor der Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und AllergologieKlinikum der J.W.Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurt am MainGermany

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