Treatment Capabilities of Field Hospitals at War and Mass-Casualty Disasters

  • Vladislav Dvoyris
  • Yitshak Kreiss
  • Tarif BaderEmail author


The changes in warfare during the past decades have greatly affected all aspects of combat. The introduction of improved weaponry and ammunition has altered the types of injuries and the severity and numbers of casualties seen in battlefield, while improvement in prehospital and combat casualty care and transportation has allowed the evacuation of injured soldiers to trauma centers, thus saving more lives.


Medical Team Medical Delegation Israeli Defense Force Field Hospital Crush Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Mitchell GW. A brief history of triage. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2008;2 Suppl 1:S4–7. doi: 10.1097/DMP.0b013e3181844d43.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sorikina T. The Great Russian surgeon Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov (1810–1881). Vesalius. 2011;17(1):10–5.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ficke JR, Johnson AE, Hsu JR. Organization of urgent medical aid, including mass casualty and triage. In: Lerner A, Soudry M, editors. Armed conflict injuries to the extremities: a treatment manual. Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 1–20. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16155-1_1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    King B, Jatoi I. The mobile Army surgical hospital (MASH): a military and surgical legacy. J Natl Med Assoc. 2005;97(5):648–56.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Naggan L. Medical planning for disaster in Israel. Evaluation of the military surgical experience in the October 1973 War, and implications for the organization of the civilian disaster services. Injury. 1976;7(4):279–85.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Adini B, Cohen R, Laor D, Israeli A. Can patient flow be effectively controlled? Health Policy Plan. 2011;26(6):518–25. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czr002.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kreiss Y, Vinker S, Ash N. [The Israel Defense Forces medical corps field hospital in Haiti]. Harefuah. 2010;149(3):129–30. Hebrew.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Heyman SN, Eldad A, Wiener M. Airborne field hospital in disaster area: lessons from Armenia (1988) and Rwanda (1994). Prehosp Disaster Med. 1998;13(1):21–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bar-On E, Abargel A, Peleg K, Kreiss Y. Coping with the challenges of early disaster response: 24 years of field hospital experience after earthquakes. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2013;7(5):491–8. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2013.94.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Glassberg E, Nadler R, Gendler S, Abramovich A, Spinella PC, Gerhardt RT, Holcomb JB, Kreiss Y. Freeze-dried plasma at the point of injury: from concept to doctrine. Shock. 2013;40(6):444–50.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Levy G, Blumberg N, Kreiss Y, Ash N, Merin O. Application of information technology within a field hospital deployment following the January 2010 Haiti earthquake disaster. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2010;17(6):626–30. doi: 10.1136/jamia.2010.004937.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lichtenberger P, Miskin IN, Dickinson G, Schwaber MJ, Ankol OE, Zervos M, Campo RE, Doblecki-Lewis S, Dery MA, Munoz-Price LS. Infection control in field hospitals after a natural disaster: lessons learned after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31(9):951–7. doi: 10.1086/656203.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Merin O, Ash N, Levy G, Schwaber MJ, Kreiss Y. The Israeli field hospital in Haiti—ethical dilemmas in early disaster response. N Engl J Med. 2010;362(11):e38. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1001693.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kreiss Y, Merin O, Peleg K, Levy G, Vinker S, Sagi R, Abargel A, Bartal C, Lin G, Bar A, Bar-On E, Schwaber MJ, Ash N. Early disaster response in Haiti: the Israeli field hospital experience. Ann Intern Med. 2010;153(1):45–8. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-153-1-201007060-00253.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bar-On E, Lebel E, Kreiss Y, Merin O, Benedict S, Gill A, Lee E, Pirotsky A, Shirov T, Blumberg N. Orthopaedic management in a mega mass casualty situation. The Israel Defence Forces Field Hospital in Haiti following the January 2010 earthquake. Injury. 2011;42(10):1053–9. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2011.03.054.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bartal C, Zeller L, Miskin I, Sebbag G, Karp E, Grossman A, Engel A, Carter D, Kreiss Y. Crush syndrome: saving more lives in disasters: lessons learned from the early-response phase in Haiti. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(7):694–6. doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2011.122.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Merin O, Yitzhak A, Bader T, Medicine in a Disaster Area: Lessons From the 2015 Earthquake in Nepal, JAMA Intern Med., 2015, 175(9):1437–1438. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.3985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladislav Dvoyris
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yitshak Kreiss
    • 3
    • 4
  • Tarif Bader
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Surgeon General’s HeadquartersIsrael Defense ForceRamat GanIsrael
  2. 2.Sackler Faculty of MedicineTel-Aviv UniversityTel-AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Surgeon General’s HeadquartersIsrael Defense ForceRamat GanIsrael
  4. 4.Department of Military MedicineHebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations