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Methoden zur Entspannung, Schmerzlinderung und Bewusstseinserweiterung

  • Heinrich Wallnöfer
  • Henriette Walter
  • Richard Crevenna
  • Lothar KrennerEmail author
  • Magdalena Singer
  • Julian Hannemann
  • Michaela Ott
  • Christian Schubert
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Dargestellt werden die Möglichkeiten der Arbeit mit dem autogenen Training nach I. H. Schultz, einem physiologisch und tiefenpsychologisch fundierten Verfahren, das eine eigene Form der Psychotherapie darstellt. Hypnose wird in der Medizin als Ergänzung zu traditionellen Therapien (Unterstützung der Abwehr, Aktivierung der eigenen Ressourcen) und zur Bewältigung von Angst sowie zur Kontrolle/Bekämpfung von Schmerzen eingesetzt. Biofeedback ist eine apparative Methode zur Erlangung und Verbesserung der Selbstkontrolle über Vorgänge im Körper. Signale von Körperfunktionen werden erfasst und in Echtzeit rückgemeldet. Meditation ist ein Sammelbegriff für sehr unterschiedliche geistige Techniken und Übungen. Grundlegende Meditationsprinzipien sind konzentrative Aufmerksamkeitstechniken, Kontemplations- und Achtsamkeitsübungen und automatisches Selbsttranszendieren. In der Psychoneuroimmunologie wird untersucht, wie wechselseitige psychoneuroimmunologische Verbindungswege genutzt werden können, um die Gesundheit positiv zu beeinflussen.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinrich Wallnöfer
    • 1
  • Henriette Walter
    • 2
  • Richard Crevenna
    • 3
  • Lothar Krenner
    • 4
    Email author
  • Magdalena Singer
    • 5
    • 6
  • Julian Hannemann
    • 5
    • 6
  • Michaela Ott
    • 5
    • 6
  • Christian Schubert
    • 5
  1. 1.Österreichische Gesellschaft für Angewandte Tiefenpsychologie und Allgemeine Psychotherapie WienÖsterreich
  2. 2.Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und PsychotherapieMedizinische Universität WienWienÖsterreich
  3. 3.Medizinische Universität Wien, Universitätsklinik für Physikalische Medizin und RehabilitationWienÖsterreich
  4. 4.Österreichische Ärzte-Gesellschaft für Ayurveda Medizin – Maharishi Vedische MedizinWienÖsterreich
  5. 5.Univ.-Klinik für Medizinische Psychologie Medizinische Universität Innsbruck, InnsbruckÖsterreich
  6. 6.Institut für Psychologie Leopold-Franzens-Universität InnsbruckInnsbruckÖsterreich

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