Endonasal Frontal Sinus Drainage Type I–III According to Draf

  • Wolfgang DrafEmail author


The Endonasal Type I–III Drainages allow the surgeon to adapt the frontal sinus surgery to the underlying pathology


Frontal Sinus Middle Turbinate Frontal Recess Lamina Papyracea Frontal Sinusitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Cholewa ER. Cited after Tange RA, Pirsig W Het neusspeculum. Door de eeuwen heen. Universiteitsmuseum van de Universiteit van Utrecht. Glaxo BV; 1888.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Draf W. Endonasal micro-endoscopic frontal sinus surgery. The Fulda concept. Oper Tech Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991;2:234–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gross WE, Gross CW, Becker D, Moore D, Phillips D. Modified transnasal endoscopic Lothrop procedure as an alternative to frontal sinus obliteration. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;113:427–34.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Halle M. Die intranasalen Operationen bei eitrigen Erkrankungen der Nebenhoehlen der Nase. Arch Laryngol Rhinol. 1915;29:73–112.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Halle M. Externe und interne Operation der Nebenhoehleneiterungen. Berl klin Wschr. 1906;43(1369–1372):1404–7.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hosemann W, Gross R, Goede U, Kuehnel T. Clinical anatomy of the nasal process of the frontal bone (spina nasalis interna). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001;125:60–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hosemann W, Kuehnel T, Held P, Wagner W, Felderhoff A. Endonasal frontal sinusotomy in surgical management of chronic sinusitis : a critical evaluation. Am J Rhinol. 1997;11:1–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hosemann WG, Weber RK, Keerl RE, Lund VJ. Minimally invasive endonasal sinus surgery. Stuttgart: Thieme; 2000. p. 54–9.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hoyt III WH. Endoscopic stenting of nasofrontal communication in frontal sinus disease. Ear Nose Throat J. 1993;72:596–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ingals EF. New operation and instruments for draining the frontal sinus. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1905;14:513–9.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kennedy DW, Senior BA. Endoscopic sinus surgery. A review. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1997;30:313–29.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kuhn FA, Javer AR, Nagpal K, Citardi MJ. The frontal sinus rescue procedure: early experience and three - year follow-up. Am J Rhinol. 2000;14:211–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lang J. Clinical anatomy of the nose nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Stuttgart: Thieme; 1989. p. 58–9.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lothrop HA. Frontal sinus suppuration. Ann Surg. 1914;59:937–57.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lothrop HA. The anatomy and surgery of the frontal sinus and anterior ethmoidal cells. Ann Surg. 1899;29:175–215.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    May M, Schaitkin B. Frontal sinus surgery: endonasal drainage instead of an external osteoplastic approach. Oper Tech Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;6:184–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mertens J, Eggers S, Maune S. Langzeitergebnisse nach Stirnhoehlenoperationen: Vergleich extranasaler und endonasaler Operationstechniken. Laryngorhinootol. 2000;79:396–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Moriyama H, Fukami M, Yanagi K, Ohtori N, Kaneta K. Endoscopic endonasal treatment of ostium of the frontal sinus and the results of endoscopic surgery. Am J Rhinol. 1994;8:67–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Neel III HB, Whitaker JH, Lake CF. Thin rubber sheeting in frontal sinus surgery: animal and clinical studies. Laryngoscope. 1976;86:524–36.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Neel HB, McDonald TJ, Facer GW. Modified Lynch procedure for chronic frontal sinus diseases: rationale, technique, and long term results. Laryngoscope. 1987;97:1274.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Orlandi RR, Kennedy DW. Revision endoscopic frontal sinus surgery. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2001;34:77–90.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rains III BM. Frontal sinus stenting. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2001;34:101–10.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Schaefer SD. Close LG endoscopic management of frontal sinus disease. Laryngoscope. 1990;100:155–60.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schaeffer M. Zur Diagnose und Therapie der Erkrankungen der Nebenhoehlen der Nase mit Ausnahme des Sinus maxillaris. Dtsch Med Wschr. 1890;19:905–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Spiess G. Die endonasale Chirurgie des Sinus frontalis. Arch Laryngol. 1899;9:285–91.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Stammberger H. F.E.S.S., “uncapping the egg”. The endoscopic approach to frontal recess and sinuses. Storz Company Prints; 2000.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tato JM, Bergaglio OE. Surgery of frontal sinus. Fat grafts: a new technique. Otolaryngologica. 1949;3:1.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Toffel PH. Secure endoscopic sinus surgery with middle meatal stenting. Oper Tech Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;6:157–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Weber R, Draf W, Keerl R, Schick B, Saha A. Micro-endoscopic pansinusoperation in chronic sinusitis. Results and complications. Am J Otolaryngol. 1997;18:247–53.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Weber R, Draf W. Die endonasale mikro-endoskopische Pansinusoperation bei chronischer Sinusitis. II. Ergebnisse und Komplikationen. Otorhinolaryngol Nova. 1992;2:63–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Weber R, Draf W. Komplikationen der endonasalen mikro-endoskopischen Siebbeinoperation. HNO. 1992;40:170–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Weber R, Hosemann W, Draf W, Keerl R, Schick B, Schinzel S. Endonasal frontal sinus surgery with long-term stenting of the nasofrontal duct. Laryngorhinootologie. 1997;76:728–34.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Weber R, Keerl R, Huppmann A, Draf W, Saha A. Wound healing after endonasal sinus surgery in time-lapse video: a new way of continuous in vivo observation and documentation in rhinology. In: Stamm A, Draf W, editors. Micro-endoscopic surgery of the paranasal sinuses and skull base. Berlin: Springer; 2000. p. 329–45. Chapter 26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wormald PJ, Ananda A, Nair S. Modified endoscopic Lothrop as a salvage for the failed osteoplastic flap with obliteration. Laryngoscope. 2003;11:1988–92.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Howarth WG. Operations on the frontal sinus. J Laryngol Otol. 1921;36:417–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jansen A. Zur Eroeffnung der Nebenhoehlen der Nase bei chronischer Eiterung. Arch Laryng Rhinol (Berl). 1894;1:135–57.Google Scholar
  3. Kikawada T, Fujigaki M, Kikura M, Matsumoto M, Kikawada K. Extended endoscopic frontal sinus surgery to interrupted nasofrontal communication caused by scarring of the anterior ethmoid. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999;125:92–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Lynch RC. The technique of a radical frontal sinus operation which has given me the best results. Laryngoscope. 1921;31:1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ritter G. Eine neue Methode zur Erhaltung der vorderen Stirnhoehlenwand bei Radikaloperationen chronischer Stirnhoehleneiterungen. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1906;32:1294–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Stammberger H. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery, the Messerklinger technique. Philadelphia: BC Decker; 1991.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department for ENT-DiseasesHead-, Neck- and Facial Plastic SurgeryFuldaGermany

Personalised recommendations