Finding a Perfect Phylogeny from Mixed Tumor Samples
Recently, Hajirasouliha and Raphael (WABI 2014) proposed a model for deconvoluting mixed tumor samples measured from a collection of high-throughput sequencing reads. This is related to understanding tumor evolution and critical cancer mutations. In short, their formulation asks to split each row of a binary matrix so that the resulting matrix corresponds to a perfect phylogeny and has the minimum number of rows among all matrices with this property. In this paper we disprove several claims about this problem, including an NP-hardness proof of it. However, we show that the problem is indeed NP-hard, by providing a different proof. We also prove NP-completeness of a variant of this problem proposed in the same paper. On the positive side, we obtain a polynomial time algorithm for matrix instances in which no column is contained in both columns of a pair of conflicting columns.
KeywordsPolynomial Time Algorithm Chromatic Number Binary Matrix Orientable Graph Conflict Graph
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