Advertisement

Food Safety Challenges in China

  • Mildred S. Yang
Chapter

Abstract

Maintaining the quality and safety of food has been one of the greatest public health challenges in China during the past two decades. In the present chapter, some basic issues, such as biological and chemical hazards in food, and the current scientific techniques in managing these hazards are discussed. Basing on these currently accepted practices, this chapter also illustrated how the food safety management system in China evolved in view of the various crises, and some of the challenges the country still faced. This historical account in development of the Chinese food safety management system will point towards a clear direction of the future strategy in protecting the public health issues in managing food safety in China.

Keywords

Food Safety Food Supply Chain Foodborne Disease Codex Alimentarius Commission Food Safety Standard 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Alcorn, T., & Ouyang, Y. (2012). China’s invisible burden of foodborne illness. The Lancet, 379, 789–790.Google Scholar
  2. Apple Daily. (2007). Fermented Tufo made with sewage water and slop. July 14, 2007.Google Scholar
  3. Barbier, O., Jacquillet, G., Tauc, M., Cougnon, M., & Poujeol, P. (2005). Effect of heavy metals on, and handling by, the kidney. Nephron Physiology, 99(4), 105–110.Google Scholar
  4. Bedi, J. S., Gill, J. P., Aulakh, R. S., Kaur, P., Sharma, A., & Pooni, P. A. (2013). Pesticide residues in human breast milk: Risk assessment for infants from Punjab, India. Science of the Total Environment, 1, 463–464.Google Scholar
  5. Braden, C. R., & Tauxe, R. V. (2013). Emerging trends in foodborne diseases. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, 27(3), 517–533.Google Scholar
  6. Carter, C., Zhong, F., & Zhu, J. Advances in Chinese agriculture and its global implications. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 34, 1–36.Google Scholar
  7. Chávez-Almazán, L. A., Diaz-Ortiz, J., Alarcón-Romero, M., Dávila-Vazque, Z. G., Saldarriaga-Noreña, H., & Waliszewski, S. M. (2014). Organochlorine pesticide levels in breast milk in Guerrero, Mexico. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 93(3), 294–298.Google Scholar
  8. Chen, J. (2007). Rapid urbanization in China: A real challenge to soil protection and food security. CATENA, 69(1), 1–15.Google Scholar
  9. China State Council. (1995). Food hygiene law of the People’s Republic of China. National Law. Promulgation Date October 10, 1995. Effective Date October 30, 1995.Google Scholar
  10. China State Council. (2009). Food safety law of the People’s Republic of China. National Law #557. Promulgation Date July 8, 2009. Effective Date July 20, 2009.Google Scholar
  11. China National Center for Food Safety Assessment. (2015). Food safety standards in China. http://www.chinafoodsafety.net/detail.aspx?id=304A5E4722735A7C6FBF15DDD86DA27BC56BC963202B536C.
  12. Cush, A. (2014). McDonald’s, KFC apologize for selling garbage meat. http://gawker.com/mcdonalds-taco-bell-apologize-for-selling-expired-garb-1608490577.
  13. Dewan, P., Jain, V., Gupta, P., & Banerjee, B. D. (2013). Organochlorine pesticide residues in maternal blood, cord blood, placenta, and breastmilk and their relation to birth size. Chemosphere, 90(5), 1704–1710.Google Scholar
  14. FAO/WHO. (2006). Food safety risk analysis, a guide for National Food Safety Authorities.Google Scholar
  15. Forbes Asia. (2014). Does China have good manufacturing practices for food? http://www.forbes.com/sites/johnbalzano/2014/05/16/does-china-have-good-manufacturing-practices-for-food/.
  16. FORHEAD. (2014). Food safety in China: A mapping of problems governance and research. Section 3.Google Scholar
  17. Fukuda, K. (2015). Food safety in a globalized world. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93, 212. http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.15.154831.
  18. Guo, A. (2008). First arrests made in tainted milk scandal (p. A4). Hong Kong: South China Morning Post.Google Scholar
  19. Halliday, J. (2008). Melamine takes its toll on ingredient sales in China. Montpellier: Food-Navigator Asia.Google Scholar
  20. Havelaar, A. H., Brul, S., de Jong, A., de Jonge, R., Zwietering, M. H., & ter Kuile, B. H. (2014). Future challenges to microbial food safety. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 139(Supplement, 30), 79–94.Google Scholar
  21. Henson, S. (2003). Food safety issue in international trade. In L. J. Unnevehr (Ed.), 2020 Vision for food, agriculture and the environment. Focus 10, Brief 5 of 17. September 2003.Google Scholar
  22. Huang, Y. (2012). China’s worsening food safety crisis. www.theatlantic.com.
  23. Ipsos. (2012). A bit of China food safety. Beijing: Ipsos in Greater China.Google Scholar
  24. Jia, C., & Jukes, D. (2013). The national food safety control system of China. A Systematic Review Food Control, 32, 236–245.Google Scholar
  25. Kennedy, J., Delaney, L., McGloin, A., & Wall, P. G. (2009). Public perceptions of the Dioxin crisis in Irish Pork. UCD Geary Institute Discussion Paper Series.Google Scholar
  26. Kim, D., Ryu, H. Y., Lee, J. H., Lee, J. H., Lee, Y. J., Kim, H. K., et al. (2013). Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in Korean human milk: Contamination levels and infant risk assessment. The Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, 48, 243–250.Google Scholar
  27. Klinčić, D., HercegRomanić, S., MatekSarić, M., Grzunov, J., & Dukić, B. (2014). Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in human milk samples from two regions in Croatia. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 37, 543–552.Google Scholar
  28. Kluber, A. (2014). Chinese McDonald’s, KFC meat supplier shut down for bad meat. http://www.newsy.com/videos/chinese-mcdonald-s-kfc-meat-supplier-shut-down-for-bad-meat/.
  29. Kaji, M. (2012). Role of experts and public participation in pollution control: The case of Itai-itai disease in Japan. Ethics in Science, Environmental Politics, 12, 99–111.Google Scholar
  30. Kruger, C. L., Reddy, C. S., Conze, D. B., & Hayes, A. W. (2014). Food safety and foodborne toxicants. In W. Hayes, & C. Kruger (Eds.), Principles and methods of toxicology (6th Ed., Chapter 14). Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  31. Lam, H. M., Remais, J., Fung, M. C., Xu, L., & Sun, S. S. M. (2013). Food supply and food safety issues in China. Lancet, 381, 2033–2053.Google Scholar
  32. Li, H. (2005). Food safety regulation system in developed countries and the implications for China, Northeast Financial University, General serial No. 37, 3–8.Google Scholar
  33. Man, Y. B., Chan, J. K., Wang, H. S., Wu, S. C., & Wong, M. H. (2014). DDTs in mother’s milk, placenta and hair and health risk assessment for infants at two coastal and inland cities in China. Environment International, 65, 73–82.Google Scholar
  34. McKenna, C. M. S., Beckett, N., & Pountney, D. (2013). Consolidation of the China food and drug administration. http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=20a4e134-7414-4f4d-88d5-d7dd36d800a7.
  35. Mottram, D. S., Wedzicha, B. L., & Dodson, A. T. (2002). Food chemistry: Acrylamide is formed in the Maillard reaction. Nature, 419, 448–449. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v419/n6906/abs/419448a.htmla1.
  36. National Academy of Science. (1983). Risk assessment in the federal government: Managing the process. National Research Council, USA.Google Scholar
  37. Norse, D., Lu, Y., & Huang, J. (2012). China’s food security: Challenges and responses in a global context. Euro-China Research Advice Network.Google Scholar
  38. NPC, CPPCC Annual Session. (2013). China to elevate food, drug agency to general administration. Xinhua. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-03/10/c_132221729.htm.
  39. Ortega, D., Wang, H., Olynuk, N., Wu, L., & Bai, J. (2011). Chinese consumer’s demand for food safety attributes: A push for government and industry regulations. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 94, 489–495.Google Scholar
  40. People’s Daily News. (2004a). Milk powders kill babies, premier orders investigation people’s daily. http://en.people.cn/200404/20/eng20040420_140958.shtml.
  41. People’s Daily News. (2004b). Guangdong launches inspection on bulk liquor following four toxic alcohol deaths. People’s Daily Online, Xinhua. May 16.Google Scholar
  42. People’s Daily News. (2005). Red dye a ‘Food for Thought’ for Chinese. People’s Daily. March 31.Google Scholar
  43. Petry, M., & Wu, B. (2009). Food safety law of the People’s Republic of China. USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, GAIN Report CH9019.Google Scholar
  44. Poppe, C., Smart, N., Khakhria, R., Johnsonm, W., Spika, J., & Prescott, J. (1998). Salmonella typhimurium DT104: A virulent and drug-resistant pathogen. The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 39(9), 559–565.Google Scholar
  45. Rodricks, J. V. (2007). Calculated risks. The toxicity and human health risks of chemicals in our environment (2nd Ed.). London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Schoenleber, H. (2006). China’s private economy grows up. Retrieved September 23, 2006, from http://8km.de.
  47. Seto, K. (2007). Urban China: Toward efficient, inclusive and sustainable urbanization. http://insights.som.yale.edu/insights/what-should-we-understand-about-urbanization-china).
  48. Shanghai Star. (2003). Jinhua Ham scam exposed. November 20, 2003.Google Scholar
  49. Shanghaiist. (2013). Eaten hotpot in the last four years in Shanghai? You probably ate rat. Retrieved November 10, 2013.Google Scholar
  50. Slorach, S. A. (2006). Assuring food safety: The complementary tasks and standards of the world organization for animal health and the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Review of Science and Technology, 25, 813–821.Google Scholar
  51. Smith, D. (1999). Worldwide trends in DDT levels in human breast milk. International Journal of Epidemiology, 28(2), 179–188.Google Scholar
  52. Song, S., Ma, X., Tong, L., Tian, Q., Huang, Y., Yin, S., et al. (2013). Residue levels of hexachlorocyclohexane and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane in human milk collected from Beijing. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, 7225–7229.Google Scholar
  53. The National. (2008). More arrests in China milk scandal. September 22, 2008.Google Scholar
  54. United Nations in China. (2008). Advancing food safety (p. 18).Google Scholar
  55. US-FDA. (2001). Evaluation and definition of potentially hazardous foods—chapter 2. Current and proposed definitions of “potentially hazardous foods”. A Report of the Institute of Food Technologists for the Food and Drug Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services December 31, 2001, IFT/FDA Contract No. 223-98-2333, Task Order No. 4Google Scholar
  56. Wang, M., Lui, X. Z., & Wang, Z. (2006). Studies on National Surveillance System for food contamination and foodborne diseases in China.Google Scholar
  57. Wang, S., Duan, H., Zhang, W., & Li, J. (2007). Analysis of bacterial foodborne disease outbreaks in China between 1994–2005. FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology, 51, 8–13.Google Scholar
  58. Wang, Z., Mao, Y., & Gale, F. (2008). Chinese consumer demand for food safety attributes in milk products. Food Policy, 33, 27–36.Google Scholar
  59. Wen, T. (2008). How China plans to reinforce the global recovery. London: Financial Times.Google Scholar
  60. WHO. (2008a). Estimating the global burden of foodborne disease. Baseline information for food safety policy and measures. www.WHO.int/foodsafety/.
  61. WHO. (2008b). China’s tainted milk scandal hits exports; World Health Organization said the number of sick could rise. Official Wire. September 23, 2008.Google Scholar
  62. WHO. (2014). Dioxins and their effects on human health. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs225/en/.
  63. Wiggins, J., & Says, S. (2008). Melamine scandal has cut China sales by half. London: Financial Times.Google Scholar
  64. Wishart, D. A. (2008). Metabolomics: Applications to food science and nutrition research. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 19, 482–493.Google Scholar
  65. Wong, M. H., Leung, A. O. W., Chan, J. K. Y., & Choi, M. P. K. (2005). A review on the usage of POP pesticides in China, with emphasis on DDT loadings in human milk. Chemosphere, 60, 740–752.Google Scholar
  66. World Bank. (2012). Statistics about the population growth in China, 2001–2011, July 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2013.Google Scholar
  67. Wu, Y., & Chen, Y. (2013). Food safety in China, Journal of Epidemiology Community Health, 67, 478–479.Google Scholar
  68. Xinhua News Agency. (2008). China seizes 22 companies with contaminated baby milk powder. 16 September.Google Scholar
  69. Xinhua News Agency. (2013). China to elevate food, drug agency to general administration.http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-03/10/c_132221729.htm.
  70. Xu, P., Zeng, Y., Fong, Q., Lone, T., & Liu, Y. (2012). Chinese consumers’ willingness to pay for green- and eco-labeled seafood. Food Control, 28, 74–82.Google Scholar
  71. Yang, G. (2013). Contesting food safety in the Chinese media: Between hegemony and counter-hegemony. The China Quarterly, 214, 337–355.Google Scholar
  72. Yeh, G., Xu, J., & Liu, K. (2011). China’s post-reform urbanization: Retrospect, policies and trends. International Institute for Environment and Development, Human Settlements Group, Urbanization and Emerging Population Issues. Retrieved from http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/10593IIED.pdf.
  73. Youness, E. R., Mohammed, N. A., & Morsy, F. A. (2012). Cadmium impact and osteoporosis: mechanism of action. Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods, 22(7), 560–567.Google Scholar
  74. Zhang, L. (2013). Food safety policy in China. Report prepared for the Social Science Research Council/Food Climate Research Network Mapping of China’s Food System. Working Paper.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Food Science and Technology Program, Division of Science and TechnologyBeijing Normal University - Hong Kong Baptist University, United International CollegeTanjiawanChina

Personalised recommendations