3D Virtual Treatment Planning of Orthognathic Surgery

  • Gwen R. J. SwennenEmail author


Treatment planning of orthognathic and orthofacial surgery needs to be based on the individual natural head position (NHP) of the patient, which is independent of intracranial reference planes and determined by the clinician.


Orthognathic Surgery Incisal Position Gonial Angle Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy Facial Midline 
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Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Maxillofacial Surgery and Facial Plastic Surgery, Department of SurgeryGeneral Hospital St-Jan Bruges-OstendBrugesBelgium
  2. 2.Bruges Cleft and Craniofacial CentreBrugesBelgium
  3. 3.Private Practice in Facial Cosmetic SurgeryClinic TilleghemBrugesBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryHannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany
  5. 5.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity of CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain

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