Phoniatrics I pp 435-536 | Cite as

Rehabilitation and Prognosis of Voice Disorders

  • Sevtap AkbulutEmail author
  • Jan Betka
  • Viktor Chrobok
  • Hanna Czerniejewska-Wolska
  • Felix de Jong
  • Ilter Denizoglu
  • Ahmed Geneid
  • Mehmet Akif Kilic
  • Nasser Kotby
  • Jean-Paul Marie
  • Sławomir Marszałek
  • Andreas Müller
  • Tadeus Nawka
  • Haldun Oguz
  • Arno Olthoff
  • Anders Overgård Jønsson
  • Mette Pedersen
  • Antoni Pruszewicz
  • Barbora Řepová
  • Jan Romportl
  • Josef Schlömicher-Thier
  • Berit Schneider-Stickler
  • Wolfram Seidner
  • Matthias Weikert
  • Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica
Part of the European Manual of Medicine book series (EUROMANUAL)


Phoniatricians usually have the key role when dealing with a voice disorder, supported by logopedists/speech-language pathologists. Cooperation with other medical or non-medical disciplines may contribute when needed. Fundamentals, general goals and the structure of voice therapy are followed by a survey of specific methods and techniques. No matter what kind of technique is used, treatment strategy is inevitably based on pathophysiological mechanisms of a disorder and the patient’s state as a whole. Voice therapy is a dynamic process and not an application procedure for a stable phonatory pattern or a list of exercises for every patient. This integrative model for treatment of voice disorders includes additional skills and knowledge of mechanisms of applications, stages of behavioural treatment, phases of motor learning, stages of voice therapy and steps of a given technique. Functional disorders of the singing voice (dysodia) require additional and specific expertise, especially in emergency situations in the frame of cancellation policy regarding the opera and theatre business. Drug treatment and physiotherapy/osteopathy as more therapeutic approaches to voice disorders are presented, as well as phonosurgical procedures, i.e. functional surgical interventions aiming exclusively, or in part, at improvement, restoration or preservation of vocal function. Methods comprise of phonomicrosurgery (endoscopic microsurgery), laryngeal injection and laryngeal framework surgery that modify the cartilaginous framework of the larynx (laryngoplastic phonosurgery, open-neck surgery). Pacing and reinnervation are also discussed as alternatives in bilateral vocal fold palsies, and vocal rehabilitation after head and neck surgery, including the use of personalised computer speech synthesis for laryngectomised patients, is considered. Indications for tracheostomy and tracheostoma care refer to clinical practice. The prognosis of voice rehabilitation depends on the various factors that are included in voice production and should be considered accordingly.


Rehabilitation Voice therapy Singers Physiotherapy Osteopathy Phonosurgery Pacing Reinnervation Head and neck surgery Laryngectomy Tracheostomy Prognosis 

Supplementary material

Video 8.1

Basics doctorvox therapy (MP4 1083897 kb)

Video 8.2

Mutational falsetto doctorvox therapy (MP4 19978 kb)

Video 8.3

Psychogenic falsetto doctorvox therapy (MP4 96466 kb)

Video 8.4

Larynx mobilisation by stretching the space between the thyroid cartilage and the cricoid cartilage (MP4 50292 kb)

Video 8.5

Mobilisation of the hyoid bone towards the thyroid cartilage (MP4 196813 kb)

Video 8.6

Mobilisation of the hyoid bone during swallowing (MP4 149447 kb)

Video 8.7

Relaxation of the suprahyoid muscles (self-therapy) (MP4 29537 kb)

Video 8.8

Active relaxation of the nuchal fascia and the trapezius muscles (self-therapy) (MP4 76681 kb)

Video 8.9

Sternocleidomastoid muscle (self-therapy) (MP4 65667 kb)

Video 8.10

Mobilisation of nuchal and suboccipital muscles and proper position of the head (self-therapy) (MP4 45051 kb)

Video 8.11

Vocal fold polyp resection (MP4 33390 kb)

Video 8.12

Vocal fold cyst removal (MP4 15560 kb)

307062_1_En_8_MOESM13_ESM.mp4 (40 mb)
Video 8.13 Glottoplasty (MP4 40960 kb)
Video 8.14

Laryngoplasty (arytenoid adduction and thyroplasty) (MP4 1313849 kb)

Video 8.15

Right-sided stimulated abduction (laryngeal pacing) (MP4 8391 kb)

Video 8.16

Voluntary phonation while pacing (MP4 3985 kb)

Video 8.17

Vibration of the pharyngo-oesophageal segment via Provox 2 prosthesis for voice production (MP4 4806 kb)

Video 8.18

Change of a Provox 2 voice prosthesis in a laryngectomee (MP4 170755 kb)

Case Study Video 8.3

Vibration of a normal and a scarred vocal fold after subligamental cordectomy (MP4 14067 kb)

307062_1_En_8_MOESM20_ESM.mp3 (1.7 mb)
Case Study Audio Sample 8.3 Scarred vocal fold (MP3 1758 kb) (88 kb)
Case Study Image 8.3 Voice range profile scarred vocal fold (JPG 170 kb)
307062_1_En_8_MOESM22_ESM.mp4 (9 mb)
Case Study Video 8.4 Vibration of the ventricular folds alternating with the aryepiglottic folds for voice production after resection of the left vocal fold because of laryngeal cancer (MP4 9263 kb)
307062_1_En_8_MOESM23_ESM.mp3 (1.7 mb)
Case Study Audio Sample 8.4 Ventricular fold vibration (MP3 1749 kb) (94 kb)
Case Study Image 8.4 Voice range profile ventricular fold vibration (JPG 175 kb)
307062_1_En_8_MOESM25_ESM.mp4 (10.3 mb)
Case Study Video 8.5 Vibration of the aryepiglottic folds for voice production after surgical treatment of a glottal carcinoma in the anterior commissure (MP4 10550 kb)
307062_1_En_8_MOESM26_ESM.mp3 (1.9 mb)
Case Study Audio Sample 8.5 Aryepiglottic fold vibration (MP3 1956 kb) (97 kb)
Case Study Image 8.5 Voice range profile aryepiglottic fold vibration (JPG 177 kb)


  1. Abaza MM, Levy S, Hawkshaw MJ et al (2007) Effects of medications on the voice. Otolaryngol Clin N Am 40(5):1081–1090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abitbol J, Abitbol P, Abitbol B (1999) Sex hormones and the female voice. J Voice 13(3):424–446PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Akhtar S, Wood G, Rubin JS et al (1999) Effect of caffeine on the vocal folds: a pilot study. J Laryngol Otol 113(4):341–345PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Alessi DM, Crummey A (2006) Medications: the positive and negative impact on voice. In: Benninger MS, Murry T (eds) The performer’s voice. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA, pp 153–162Google Scholar
  5. Amin MR, Koufman JA (2001) Vagal neuropathy after upper respiratory infection: a viral etiology? Am J Otolaryngol 22(4):251–256PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Amir O, Biron-Shental T, Muchnik C et al (2003) Do oral contraceptives improve vocal quality? Limited trail on low-dose formulations. Obstet Gynecol 101(4):773–777PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Angsuwarangsee T, Morrison M (2002) Extrinsic laryngeal muscular tension in patients with voice disorders. J Voice 16(3):333–343PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Aronson AF (1985) Clinical voice disorders. Georg Thieme Verlag, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  9. Aronson AE (1990) Clinical voice disorders: an interdisciplinary approach, 3rd edn. Thieme-Stratton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Arora A, Hettige R, Ifeacho S et al (2008) Driving standards in tracheostomy care: a preliminary communication of the St Mary’s ENT-led multidisciplinary team approach. Clin Otolaryngol 33(6):596–599PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Bachher GK, Dholam K, Pai PS (2002) Effective rehabilitation after partial glossectomy. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 54(1):39–43PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Baker J (1999) A report on alterations to the speaking and singing voices of four women following hormonal therapy with virilizing agents. J Voice 13(4):496–507PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Bassiouny S (1998) Efficacy of the accent method of voice therapy. Folia Phoniatr Logop 50(3):146–164PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. Belafsky PC, Postma GN, Koufman JA (2001) Laryngopharyngeal reflux symptoms improve before changes in physical findings. Laryngoscope 111(6):979–981PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Benninger MS (2000) Microdissection or microspot CO2 laser for limited vocal fold benign lesions: a prospective randomized trial. Laryngoscope 110(2 Pt 2 Suppl 92):1–17PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Berania I, Dagenais C, Moubayed SP et al (2015) Voice and functional outcomes of transoral laser microsurgery for early glottic cancer: ventricular fold resection as a surrogate. J Clin Med Res 7(8):632–636PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bessert-Nettelbeck T, Saatweber M (1998) Therapeutical and pedagogical effects of the Schlaffhorst-Andersen Method on the singer and his voice. Logoped Phoniatr Vocol 23(Suppl 1):37–39Google Scholar
  18. Bickenbach J, Fries M, Offermanns V et al (2011) Impact of early vs. late tracheostomy on weaning: a retrospective analysis. Minerva Anestesiol 77(12):1176–1181PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Blom ED, Singer MI (1979) Surgical-prosthetic approaches for postlaryngectomy voice restoration. In: Keith RL, Darley FL (eds) Laryngectomee rehabilitation. College Hill Press, Houston, pp 251–276Google Scholar
  20. Blumin JH, Berke GS (2007) Spasmodic dysphonia. In: Merati AL, Bielamowicz SA (eds) Textbook of laryngology. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  21. Blumin JH, Picolinsky DE, Atkins JP (2004) Laryngeal findings in advanced Parkinson’s disease. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 113(4):253–258PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Boone DR (1971) The voice and voice therapy, 1st edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  23. Boone DR (1988) The voice and voice therapy, 4th edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  24. Boone DR (1994) Is your voice telling on you? How to find and use your natural voice. Singular Publishing Group Inc., San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  25. Boone DR (2000a) The voice and voice therapy, 6th edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, pp 175–177Google Scholar
  26. Boone DR (2000b) The voice and voice therapy, 6th edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, pp 210–212Google Scholar
  27. Boone DR, McFarlane SC (1993) A critical view of the yawn-sigh as a voice therapy technique. J Voice 7(1):75–80PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Boothroyd CV, Lepre F (1990) Permanent voice change resulting from danazol therapy. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 30(3):275–276PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. Braakhuis BJ, Leemans CR, Visser O (2014) Incidence and survival trends of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in the Netherlands between 1989 and 2011. Oral Oncol 50(7):670–675PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. Breathing Coordination Approach (2016) Breathing coordination. Available via Accessed 5 Feb 2016
  31. Briani AA (1952) Speech rehabilitation in laryngectomized by means of expired air. Arch Ital Otol Rinol Laringol 63(5):469–475PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. Brodnitz FS (1971) Vocal rehabilitation. A manual. American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, Rochester, MNGoogle Scholar
  33. Brushart TM, Hoffman PN, Royall RM et al (2002) Electrical stimulation promotes motoneuron regeneration without increasing its speed or conditioning the neuron. J Neurosci 22(15):6631–6638PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Bunnell HT, Lilley J, Pennington C et al (2010) The ModelTalker system. In: Proceedings of the 2010 Blizzard Challenge Workshop, Kansai Science City, Japan, 25 Sept 2010Google Scholar
  35. Casper-Colton HC, Casper JK (1996) Understanding voice problems, 2nd edn. Williams & Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  36. Cetto R, Arora A, Hettige R et al (2011) Improving tracheostomy care: a prospective study of the multidisciplinary approach. Clin Otolaryngol 36(5):482–488PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Chaitow L (2010) Modern neuromuscular techniques (advanced soft tissue techniques), 3rd edn. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, LondonGoogle Scholar
  38. Ciaglia P, Firsching R, Syniec C (1985) Elective percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. A new simple bedside procedure; preliminary report. Chest 87(6):715–719PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. Coblenzer H, Muhar F (1993) Atem und Stimme, 12th edn. Österreichischer Bundesverlag, WienGoogle Scholar
  40. Cohen SM, Garrett CG (2007) Utility of voice therapy in the management of vocal fold polyps and cysts. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 136(5):742–746PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. Courey MS, Scott MA, Shohet JA et al (1996) Immunohistochemical characterization of benign laryngeal lesions. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 105(7):525–531PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  42. Crumley RL (1982) Experiments in laryngeal reinnervation. Laryngoscope 92(9 Pt 2 Suppl 30):1–27PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  43. Crumley RL (1983) Phrenic nerve graft for bilateral vocal cord paralysis. Laryngoscope 93(4):425–428PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  44. Crumley RL (1984) Selective reinnervation of vocal cord adductors in unilateral vocal cord paralysis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 93(4 Pt 1):351–356PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  45. Crumley RL, Horn K, Clendenning D (1980) Laryngeal reinnervation using the split-phrenic nerve-graft procedure. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 88(2):159–164PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  46. Czermak JN (1860) On the laryngoscope and the employment in physiology and medicine (Der Kehlkopfspiegel und seine Verwertung in Physiologie und Medizin). Engelmann, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  47. Damste PH (1968) Virilization of the voice due to anabolic steroids. Folia Phoniatr 16:10–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Dayme M (2009) Dynamics of the singing voice, 5th edn. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Deliyski DD, Gress C (1998) Intersystem reliability of MDVP for Windows 95/98 and DOS. Paper presented at the 1998 Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San Antonio, TXGoogle Scholar
  50. Deliyski DD, Hillman RE (2010) State of the art laryngeal imaging: research and clinical implications. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 18(3):147–152PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Denizoğlu I (2013) The Lax Vox voice therapy: method and applications. Turkiye Klinikleri J ENT Special Topics 6(2):32–40Google Scholar
  52. Denizoglu I, Sahin M, Bayrak S et al (2018) Efficacy of DoctorVox voice therapy technique for mutational falsetto. J Voice. © 2018 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. Accessed 14 Apr 2019
  53. Denk-Linnert DM (2006) Funktionelle Therapie Oropharyngealer Dysphagien nach Kopf-Hals-Tumoren in Sprach-Sprech-Stimm und Schluckstörungen. In: Böhme G (ed) Sprach-, Sprech-, Stimm- und Schluckstörungen. Urban-Fisher, München-Jena, pp 402–427Google Scholar
  54. Denk-Linnert DM, Bigenzahn W (2005) Oropharyngeale Dysphagien. In: Friedrich G et al (eds) Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie. Huber, Bern, pp 169–186Google Scholar
  55. Dikkers FG, Nikkels PG (1995) Benign lesions of the vocal folds: histopathology and phonotrauma. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 104(9 Pt 1):698–703PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  56. Ding R, Logemann JA (2005) Swallow physiology in patients with trach cuff inflated or deflated: a retrospective study. Head Neck 27(9):809–813PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  57. Ducharme NG, Cheetham J, Sanders I et al (2010) Considerations for pacing of the cricoarytenoid dorsalis muscle by neuroprosthesis in horses. Equine Vet J 42(6):534–540PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  58. Dworkin JP (2008) Laryngitis: types, causes, and treatment. Otolaryngol Clin N Am 41(2):419–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Eavey RD (1998) The history of tracheotomy. In: Myers EN et al (eds) Tracheotomy airway management, communication, and swallowing, vol 1. Singular Publishing Group, San Diego, pp 1–8Google Scholar
  60. Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Ettner SL et al (1998) Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990-1997: results of a follow-up national survey. JAMA 280(18):1569–1575PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. Esteban A, Anzueto A, Alia I et al (2000) How is mechanical ventilation employed in the intensive care unit? An international utilization review. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 161(5):1450–1458PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  62. Fex B, Fex S, Shiromoto O et al (1994) Acoustic analysis of functional dysphonia: before and after voice therapy (accent method). J Voice 8(2):163–167PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  63. Fishman BV, McGlone RE, Shipp T (1971) The effects of certain drugs on phonation. J Speech Hear Res 14(2):301–306PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  64. Fitts PM, Posner MI (1967) Human performance. Brooks/Cole Pub. Co., Belmont, CAGoogle Scholar
  65. Flach M (1992) Indisposition und akute Dysphonie beim Berufssänger. Laryngo-Rhino Otol 71(5):233–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Forchhammer E (1974) Stemmens Funktioner og fejl funktioner. Munksgaard, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  67. Forster G, Arnold D, Bischoff SJ et al (2013) Laryngeal pacing in minipigs: in vivo test of a new minimal invasive transcricoidal electrode insertion method for functional electrical stimulation of the PCA. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 270(1):225–231PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  68. Friedrich G, de Jong FI, Mahieu HF et al (2001) Laryngeal framework surgery: a proposal for classification and nomenclature by the Phonosurgery Committee of the European Laryngological Society. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 258(8):389–396PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  69. Friedrich G, Remacle M, Birchall M et al (2007) Defining phonosurgery: a proposal for classification and nomenclature by the Phonosurgery Committee of the European Laryngological Society (ELS). Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 264(10):1191–1200PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  70. Froeschels E (1952) Chewing method as therapy. Arch Otolaryngol 56(4):427–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Froeschels E, Kastein S, Weiss DA (1955) A method of therapy for paralytic conditions of the mechanisms of phonation, respiration and glutination. J Speech Hear Disord 20(4):365–370PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  72. Frøkjær-Jensen B, Prytz S (1976) Registration of voice quality. Brüel Kjaer Tech Rev 3:3–17Google Scholar
  73. Fussi F (2010) La Voce del Cantante. Omega Edizioni, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  74. Galant C (2017) Total laryngectomy—an experience in “telerehabilitation”. Paper presented at the ENT World Congress of the International Federation of ORL Societies, Paris, 24–28 June 2017Google Scholar
  75. Galetti B, Ferni F, Cammaroto G et al (2012) Vocal outcome after CO2 laser cordectomy performed on patients affected by early glottic carcinoma. J Voice 26(6):801–805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Garcia Perez A, Hernández López X, Valadez Jiménez VM et al (2014) Synchronous electrical stimulation of laryngeal muscles: an alternative for enhancing recovery of unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis. J Voice 28(4):524.e1–524.e7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Garrubba M, Turner T, Grieveson C (2009) Multidisciplinary care for tracheostomy patients: a systematic review. Crit Care 13(6):R177. Epub 2009 Nov 6. ReviewPubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Gates GA, Saegert J, Wilson N et al (1985) The effect of β blockade on singing performance. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 94(6 Pt 1):570–574PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  79. Gerritsma EJ, Broacaar MP, Hakkesteegt MM et al (1994) Virilization of the voice in postmenopausal women due to anabolic steroid nandrolone decanoate (Decadurabolin). The effects of medication for one year. Clin Otolaryngol 19(1):79–84PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  80. Gilman M, Gilman SL (2008) Electrotherapy and the human voice: a literature review of the historical origins and contemporary applications. J Voice 22(2):219–231PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  81. Gordon T, Chan KM, Sulaiman OA et al (2009) Accelerating axon growth to overcome limitations in functional recovery after peripheral nerve injury. Neurosurgery 65(4 Suppl):A132–A144PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  82. Gray S (1989) Vocal fold physiology: acoustic, perceptual, and physiological aspects of voice mechanisms. Singular, San Diego, CA, pp 21–27Google Scholar
  83. Gray S, Thibeault S (2002) Diversity in voice characteristics-interaction between genes and environment, use of microarray analysis. J Commun Disord 35(4):347–354PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  84. Griffiths J, Barber VS, Morgan L et al (2005) Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of the timing of tracheostomy in adult patients undergoing artificial ventilation. BMJ 330(7502):1243PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Griggs WM, Worthley LI, Gilligan JE et al (1990) A simple percutaneous tracheostomy technique. Surg Gynecol Obstet 170(6):543–545PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  86. Guillemin F, Bombardier C, Beaton D (1993) Cross-cultural adaptation of health-related quality of life measures: literature review and proposed guidlines. J Clin Epidemiol 46(12):1417–1432PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  87. Guzman M, Rubin A, Cox P et al (2014) Neuromuscular electrical stimulation of the cricothyroid muscle in patients with suspected superior laryngeal nerve weakness. J Voice 28(2):216–225PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  88. Halczy-Kowalik L (2006) Structural and functional conditions for creation of speech after resection of oral cancer (In Polish). In: Logopedia.T.35, Wyd. ZGPZL, Lublin, p 143Google Scholar
  89. Hanzlíček Z, Romportl J, Matoušek J (2012) Voice conservation: towards creating a speech-aid system for total laryngectomees. In: Kelemen J et al (eds) Beyond artificial intelligence: contemplations, expectations, applications. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 203–212Google Scholar
  90. Heafield S, Rogers M, Karnik A (1999) Tracheostomy management in ordinary wards. J Hosp Med 60(4):261–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Hedge MN (1996) Pocket guide to treatment in speech-language pathology. Singular, San Diego, CA, p 302Google Scholar
  92. Hetzroni OE, Harris OL (1996) Cultural aspects in the development of AAC users. Augment Altern Commun 12(1):52–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Higgins KM, Punthakee X (2007) Meta-analysis comparison of open versus percutaneous tracheostomy. Laryngoscope 117(3):447–454PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  94. Hilgers FJM, Van den Brekel MWM (2010) Vocal and speech rehabilitation following laryngectomy. In: Flint PW et al (eds) Cummings otolaryngology: head and neck surgery, 5th edn. Mosby Elsevier, Philadelphia, pp 1594–1610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Hirano M, Bless DM (1993) Videostroboscopic examination of the larynx. Singular Publishing Group Inc., San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  96. Hogikyan ND, Sethuraman G (1999) Validation of an instrument to measure voice-related quality of life (V-RQOL). J Voice 13(4):557–569PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Hol C, Schalen C, Verduin CM et al (1996) Moraxella catarrhalis in acute laryngitis: infection or colonization? J Infect Dis 174(3):636–638PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  98. Holmberg EB, Hillman RE, Hammarberg B et al (2001) Efficacy of a behaviorally based voice therapy protocol for vocal nodules. J Voice 15(3):395–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Hotz MA, Baumann A, Schaller I et al (2002) Success and predictability of vox prosthesis voice rehabilitation. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 128(6):687–691PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  100. Husler F, Rodd-Marling Y (2007) Singing. The physical nature of the vocal organ. Revised edition. Hutchinson Publishing Group, LondonGoogle Scholar
  101. Instant Voice Jiggle Exercise (2016) The ISSN register. Available via Accessed 28 Jan 2016
  102. Isshiki N (2000) Progress in laryngeal framework surgery. Acta Otolaryngol 120(2):120–127PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  103. Isshiki N, Morita H, Okamura H et al (1974) Thyroplasty as a new phonosurgical technique. Acta Otolaryngol 78(5–6):451–457PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  104. Jacobson E (1957) You must relax. Mc Graw Hill Book Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  105. Jeong W, Lee SJ, Lee WY et al (2014) Conservative management for vocal fold polyps. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 140(5):448–452PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  106. Johns MM (2003) Update on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of vocal fold nodules, polyps, and cysts. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 11(6):456–461PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Johnson TS (1985) Vocal abuse reduction program. Johnson College-Hill Press, VermontGoogle Scholar
  108. Kersing W, Jennekens FG (2004) Age-related changes in human thyroarytenoid muscles: a histological and histochemical study. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 261(7):386–392PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  109. Kettunen WW, Helmer SD, Haan JM (2014) Incidence of overall complications and symptomatic tracheal stenosis is equivalent following open and percutaneous tracheostomy in the trauma patient. Am J Surg 208(5):770–774PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  110. Kitzing P (1979) Glottografisk frekvensindikering. MAS tryckeri/Litos Reprotryck i Malmö AB, MalmöGoogle Scholar
  111. Klein AM, Lehmann M, Hapner ER et al (2009) Spontaneous resolution of hemorrhagic polyps of the true vocal fold. J Voice 23(1):132–135PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  112. Kooijman PGC, de Jong FICRS, Oudes MJ et al (2005) Muscular tension and body posture in relation to voice handicap and voice quality in teachers with persistent voice complaints. Folia Phoniatr Logop 57(3):134–147PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  113. Kotby MN (1986) Voice disorders. Recent diagnostic advances. Egypt. J Otolaryngol 3(1):69Google Scholar
  114. Kotby MN (1995) The accent method of voice therapy. Singular Publishing Group Inc., San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  115. Kotby MN, Orabi AA (1995) Voice range profile as a quantitative measure of vocal function in some pathological voices. In: Kotby MN (ed) Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of the IALP. Cairo, Aug 6–10, pp 50–53Google Scholar
  116. Kotby MN, Nassar AM, Seif EI et al (1988) Ultrastructural features of vocal fold nodules and polyps. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 105(5–6):477–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Kotby MN, Barakah M, Abou El-Ella M et al (1990) Aerodynamic analysis of voice disorders. In: Sacristan T et al (eds) Proceedings of the XIV World Congress of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Madrid, Spain, September 10–15, 1989. Kugler & Ghedini Publications, Amsterdam, pp 2041–2047Google Scholar
  118. Kotby MN, El-Sady SR, Bassiouny SE et al (1991) Efficacy of the accent method of voice therapy. J Voice 5(4):316–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Kotby MN, Fadly E, Barakah M et al (1992) Electromyography and neurography in voice neurolaryngology. J Voice 6(2):159–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Kotby MN, Shiromoto O, Hirano M (1993) The accent method of voice therapy: effect of accentuation on F0, SPL and airflow. J Voice 7(2):319–325PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  121. Kotby MN, El Sady S, Hegazi M (1998a) Vibratory and acoustic correlates of perceived voice quality. In: Proceedings of the XXI International Annual Ain Shams Medical Congress-, March 16–19, 1998, pp 91–97Google Scholar
  122. Kotby MN, Hegazi MA, El-Assal NN (1998b) Of what value are the acoustic measures of voice? In: Proceedings of the XXI International Ain Shams Medical Congress, pp 79–82Google Scholar
  123. Koufman JA, Blalock PD (1988) Vocal fatigue and dysphonia in the professional voice user: Bogart-Bacall syndrome. Laryngoscope 98(5):493–498PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  124. Koufman JA, Isaacson G (1991) The spectrum of vocal dysfunction. Otolaryngol Clin N Am 24(5):985–998Google Scholar
  125. Kozon V, Fortner N (2010) Wundmanagement und Pflegeentwicklungen. ÖGVP Verlag, Wien, p 49Google Scholar
  126. Laukkanen AM, Lindholm P, Vilkman E (1995) Phonation into a tube as a voice training method. Folia Phoniatr Logop 47(6):331–338PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  127. Lavy JA, Wood G, Rubin JS et al (2000) Dysphonia associated with inhaled steroids. J Voice 14(4):581–588PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  128. Lawrence VL (1987) Common medications with laryngeal effects. Ear Nose Throat J 66(8):318–322PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  129. Lee B, Woo P (2005) Chronic cough as a sign of laryngeal sensory neuropathy: diagnosis and treatment. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 114(4):253–257CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  130. Lee HY, Hong JS, Lee KC et al (2015) Changes in hyolaryngeal movement and swallowing function after neuromuscular electrical stimulation in patients with dysphagia. Ann Rehabil Med 39(2):199–209PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Leonard R, Kendall K (2005) Effects of voice therapy on vocal process granuloma: a phonoscopic approach. Am J Otolaryngol 26(2):101–107PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  132. Lessac A (1997) The use and training of the human voice: a bio-dynamic approach to vocal life, 3rd edn. Myfield Pub, Houston, TX, p 247Google Scholar
  133. Lewit K (2009) Manipulative therapy—musculoskeletal medicine. Churchill Livingstone, LondonGoogle Scholar
  134. Li M, Chen S, Zheng H et al (2013) Reinnervation of bilateral posterior cricoarytenoid muscles using the left phrenic nerve in patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis. PLoS One 8(10):e77233PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Lindman JP, Morgan CE, Peralta R et al (2017) Tracheostomy technique. Drugs & diseases, clinical procedures. Available via Accessed 28 Feb 2018
  136. Logemann JA (1995) Dysphagia: evaluation and treatment. Folia Phoniatr Logop 47(3):140–164PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  137. Lyskowski JC, Dunner FJ (1980) Hoarseness and tricyclic antidepressants. Am J Psychiatry 137(5):636PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  138. Mahieu HF, van Lith-Bijl JT, Groenhout C et al (1993) Selective laryngeal abductor reinnervation in cats using a phrenic nerve transfer and ORG 2766. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 119(7):772–776PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Manheim CJ (2009) The myofascial release manual, 4rd edn. Slack Incorporated, Thorofare, NJGoogle Scholar
  140. Marie JP (1999) Contribution à l’étude de la réinnervation laryngée expérimentale; intérêt du nerf phrénique. Laryngeal reinnervation: special interest with the phrenic nerve. Dissertation, University of Rouen, FranceGoogle Scholar
  141. Marie JP (2009a) Human bilateral laryngeal reinnervation: implications for transplantation. Paper presented at the American Laryngological Association (ALA) Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings, Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona, 28–29 May 2009Google Scholar
  142. Marie JP (2009b) Nerve reconstruction. In: Remacle M, Eckel HE (eds) Surgery of larynx and trachea. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  143. Marie JP (2014) Ten years’experience in selective bilateral reinnervation of the larynx in humans. Paper presented at the American Laryngological Association, Neurolaryngology Study Group, Las Vegas, 14–15 May 2014Google Scholar
  144. Marie JP, Dehesdin D, Ducastelle T et al (1989) Selective reinnervation of the abductor and adductor muscles of the canine larynx after recurrent nerve paralysis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 98(7 Pt 1):530–536PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  145. Marie JP, Laquerriere A, Lerosey Y et al (1997a) Selective resection of the phrenic nerve roots in rabbits. Part I: cartography of the residual innervation. Respir Physiol 109(2):127–138PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  146. Marie JP, Tardif C, Lerosey Y et al (1997b) Selective resection of the phrenic nerve roots in rabbits. Part II: respiratory effects. Respir Physiol 109(2):139–148PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  147. Marie JP, Lerosey Y, Dehesdin D et al (1999) Experimental reinnervation of a strap muscle with a few roots of the phrenic nerve in rabbits. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 108(10):1004–1011PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  148. Marie JP, Lacoume Y, Magnier P et al (2000a) Selective bilateral motor reinnervation of the canine larynx. Laryngo Rhino Otol 79:188–189Google Scholar
  149. Marie JP, Laquerriere A, Choussy O et al (2000b) Thyrohyoid branch of the hypoglossal nerve in the canine; perspectives for larynx reinnervation. Paper presented at the 3rd Congress of the European Laryngological Society, Paris, 9–11 June 2000Google Scholar
  150. Marie JP, Laquerriere A, Choussy O et al (2000c) Thyrohyoid branch of the hypoglossal nerve in the canine; perspectives for larynx reinnervation. Eur Arch Oto Rhin Laryngol S1, S11:257Google Scholar
  151. Marie JP, Choussy O, Lacoume Y (2001) Delayed total motor reinnervation of the canine larynx. Paper presented at the “Where upper airway and digestive tract meet” Meeting, Amsterdam, 18–21 Apr 2001Google Scholar
  152. Marie JP, Lacoume Y, Laquerriere A et al (2006a) Diaphragmatic effects of selective resection of the upper phrenic nerve root in dogs. Respir Physiol Neurobiol 154(3):419–430PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  153. Marie JP, Vérin E, Woisard V (2006b) Successful reinnervation of congenital bilateral vocal cord paralysis. Paper presented at the IX Congress of the European Society of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, Paris, 18–21 June 2006Google Scholar
  154. Marie JP, Vérin E, Woisard V et al (2007) Réinnervation sélective des paralysies laryngées bilatérales en fermeture. Premiers résultats. Paper presented at the Société de Laryngologie des Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, 24 Nov 2007Google Scholar
  155. Marie JP, Bon Mardion N, Paviot A et al (2013) Bilateral functional reinnervation in bilateral vocal fold paralysis: new indications. Paper presented at the 20th IFOS Congress, Seoul, 1–5 June 2013Google Scholar
  156. Marina MB, Marie JP, Birchall MA (2011) Laryngeal reinnervation for bilateral vocal fold paralysis. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 19(6):434–438PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  157. Marszałek S, Żebryk-Stopa A, Kraśny J et al (2009) Estimation of influence of myofascial release techniques on oesophageal pressure after total laryngectomy. Eur Arch Otorhinol 266(8):1305–1308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Marszałek S, Niebudek-Bogusz E, Woźnicka E et al (2010) Diagnostyka fizjoterapeutyczna i osteopatyczna w zawodowych zaburzeniach głosu. (The application of physiotherapeutic and ostheopathic diagnostics in ocuppational voice disorders). Med Pr 61(2):205–211PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  159. Marszałek S, Niebudek-Bogusz E, Woźnicka E et al (2012) Assessment of the influence of osteopathic myofascial techniques on normalization of the voice organ in patients with professional dysphonia. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 25(3):225–223PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Martinucci I, de Bortoli N, Savarino E et al (2013) Optimal treatment of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease. Ther Adv Chronic Dis 4(6):287–301. Scholar
  161. Mastronikolis NS, Remacle M, Biagini M et al (2013) Wendler glottoplasty: an effective pitch raising surgery in male-to-female transsexuals. J Voice 27(4):516–522PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  162. Matsui Y, Ohno K, Yamashita Y et al (2007) Factors influencing postoperative speech function of tongue cancer patients following reconstruction with fasciocutaneous/myocutaneous flaps—a multicenter study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 36(7):601–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Maune S, Kurz K, Meyer J et al (2005) Quality of life assessment in otorhinolaryngology. History, measures and methods. Otolaryngol Pol 59(4):489–504PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  164. Miller FR, Eliachar I (1994) Managing the aspirating patient. Am J Otolaryngol 15(1):1–17PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  165. Miller S, Kühn D, Jungheim M et al (2014) Neuromuskuläre Elektrostimulationsverfahren in der HNO-Heilkunde. (Neuromuscular electric stimulation therapy in otorhinolaryngology). HNO 62(2):131–141PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  166. Mitchell RB, Hussey HM, Setzen G et al (2013) Clinical consensus statement: tracheostomy care. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 148(1):6–20PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  167. Mossallam I, Kotby MN, Ghaly AF et al (1986) Histopathological aspects of benign vocal fold lesions associated with dysphonia. In: Kirchner JA (ed) Vocal fold in histopathology—a symposium. College Hill Press Inc., San Diego, CA, pp 65–80Google Scholar
  168. Mozolewski E (1972) Chirurgiczna rehabilitacja g(strok)losu i mowy po laryngektomii. Otolaryngol Pol 26(6):653–661PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  169. Mueller AH (2011) Laryngeal pacing for bilateral vocal fold immobility. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 19(6):439–443PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  170. Mueller AH, Hagen R, Foerster G et al (2015) Laryngeal pacing via an implantable stimulator for the rehabilitation of subjects suffering from bilateral vocal fold paralysis: a prospective first-in-human study. Laryngoscope 126(8):1810–1816PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  171. Müller G, Kramer A (2003) In vitro action of combinations of selected antimicrobial agents and adult bovine articular cartilage (sesamoid bone). Chem Biol Interact 145(3):331–336PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  172. Musso YM (1999) Training-induced brain plasticity in aphasia. Brain 122(9):1781–1790PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  173. Nair G (2007) The craft of singing. Plural Publishing, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  174. Nakagawa H, Miyamoto M, Kusuyama T et al (2012) Resolution of vocal fold polyps with conservative treatment. J Voice 26(3):e107–e110PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  175. Narula T, Bradley P, Carding P et al (2011) Laryngeal transplantation. Working Party Final Report. The Royal College of Surgeons of EnglandGoogle Scholar
  176. Nasri S, Sercarz JA, McAlpin T et al (1995) Treatment of vocal fold granuloma using botulinum toxin type A. Laryngoscope 105(6):585–588PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  177. Nawka T, Hosemann W (2005) Surgical procedures for voice restoration. GMS Curr Top Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 4:Doc14Google Scholar
  178. Need AG, Durbridge TC, Nordin BE (1993) Anabolic steroids in portmenopausel osteoporosis. Wien Med Wochenschr 143(14–15):392–395PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  179. Nix J, Simpson CB (2008) Voice research and technology: semi-occluded vocal tract postures and their application in the singing voice studio. J Singing 64(3):339–342Google Scholar
  180. Oğuz H, Akbulut S (2013) Ses Bozukluklarında Tedavi Seçimi. Türkiye Klinikleri J ENT Special Topics 6(2):1–9Google Scholar
  181. Oğuz H, Tunç T, Şafak MA et al (2006a) Objective voice changes in non-dysphonic Parkinson’s disease patients. J Otolaryngol 35(5):349–354PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  182. Oğuz H, Paksoy G, Arslan N et al (2006b) Short term effects of lansaprazol on reflux signs, symptoms and voice perturbation. Poster presented at the 3rd World Voice Congress, 19–22 June 2006, Istanbul, poster 69Google Scholar
  183. Oğuz H, Tarhan E, Korkmaz M et al (2007) Acoustic analysis findings in objective laryngopharyngeal reflux patients. J Voice 21(2):203–210PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Oliver ER, Gist A, Gillespie MB (2007) Percutaneous versus surgical tracheotomy: an updated meta-analysis. Laryngoscope 117(9):1570–1575PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  185. Ozkan S (2010) Personal communication. In: 5th National Audiology and Speech Disorders Congress, 23–26 September 2010, Izmir, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  186. Pahn J, Pahn E (2000) Die Nasalierungsmethode. Matthias Oehmke, RoggentinGoogle Scholar
  187. Panje WR (1981) Prosthetic vocal rehabilitation following total laryngectomy: the voice button. Ann Otol 90:116–120Google Scholar
  188. Park W, Hicks DM, Khandwala F et al (2005) Laryngopharyngeal reflux: prospective cohort study evaluating optimal dose of proton-pump inhibitor therapy and pretherapy predictors of response. Laryngoscope 115(7):1230–1238PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  189. Patrick DL, Erickson P (1988) Assessing health-related quality of life for clinical decision making. In: Walker SR, Rosser RM (eds) Quality of life: assessment and application. MTP Press, Lancaster, UK, pp 1–22Google Scholar
  190. Pattie MA, Murdoch BE, Theodoros D et al (1998) Voice changes in women treated for endometriosis and related conditions: the need for comprehensive vocal assessment. J Voice 12(3):366–371PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  191. Pauloski B, Rademaker AW, Logemann JA et al (2000) Pretreatment swallowing function in patients with head and neck cancer. Head-Neck 22(5):474–482PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  192. Paw HGW, Bodenham AR (2004) Percutaneous tracheostomy. A practical handbook, 6th edn. Greenwich Medical Media Ltd, Cambridge, p 43Google Scholar
  193. Pedersen M, Beranova A, Moller S (2002) Dysphonia: medical treatment and a medical voice hygiene advice approach. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 261(6):312–315Google Scholar
  194. Pedersen M (2012) Laryngopharyngeal Reflux? A Randomized Clinical Controlled Trial. Otolaryngol S1:004.
  195. Pedersen M, Eeg M (2012) Does treatment of the laryngeal mucosa reduce dystonic symptoms? A prospective clinical cohort study of mannose binding lectin and other immunological parameters with diagnostic use of phonatory function studies. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 269(5):1477–1482PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. Pehlivan M, Denizoğlu I (2009) Laryngoaltimeter: a new ambulatory device for laryngeal height control, preliminary results. J Voice 23(5):529–538PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  197. Petit JC, Klein T, Rodier D (1971) Hormone therapy for advanced breast cancer with drostanolone proprionate. Bull Cancer 58(4):511–522PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  198. Plummer AL, Gracey DR (1989) Consensus conference on artificial airways in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Chest 96(1):178–180PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  199. Prochaska JO, Diclemente CC (1986) Toward a comprehensive model of change. In: Miller WA, Heather N (eds) Treating addictive behaviors. Processes of change. Applied clinical psychology, vol 13. Springer, Boston, pp 3–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Prochaska JO, Velicer WF (1997) The transtheoretical model of health behavior change. Am J Health Promot 12(1):38–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Pruszewicz A, Woźnica B, Kruk-Zagajewska A et al (1992) Electromyography of cricopharyngeal muscles in patients with oesophageal speech. Acta Otolaryngol 112(2):366–369PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  202. Pruszewicz A, Obrębowski A, Woźnica B et al (1995) Ausgewählte Dysphagieprobleme in der Phoniatrie. Sprache-Stimme-Gehör 19(4):162–166Google Scholar
  203. Punt NA (1968) Vocal disabilities of singers. Applied laryngology-singers and actors. Proc R Soc Med 61(11 Part 1):1152–1156PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  204. Rademaker AW, Logemann JA, Pauloski BR et al (1993) Recovery of postoperative swallowing in patients undergoing partial laryngectomy. Head Neck 15(4):325–334PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  205. Ramig LO, Sapir S, Countryman S et al (2001) Intensive voice treatment (LSVT) for patients with Parkinson’s disease: a two year follow up. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 71(4):493–498PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Rammage L, Morrison M, Nichol H (2001) Management of the voice and its disorders, 2nd edn. Singular Publishing Group, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  207. Reid C (1965) The free voice. Coleman-Ross Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  208. Remacle M, Eckel HE, Antonelli A et al (2000) Endoscopic cordectomy. A proposal for a classification by the Working Committee, European Laryngological Society. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 257(4):227–231PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  209. Remacle M, Friedrich G, Dikkers FG et al (2003) Phonosurgery of the vocal folds: a classification proposal. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 260(1):1–6PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  210. Remacle M, Van Haverbeke C, Eckel H et al (2007) Proposal for revision of the European Laryngological Society classification of endoscopic cordectomies. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 264(5):499–504PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  211. Reveiz L, Cardona AF, Ospina EG (2007) Antibiotics for acute laryngitis in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev (2):CD004783. Accessed 20 Mar 2012Google Scholar
  212. Rice DH (1982) Laryngeal reinnervation. Laryngoscope 92(9 Pt 1):1049–1059PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  213. Richter B (2013) Die Stimme: Grundlagen, Künstlerische Praxis, Gesunderhaltung. Henschel, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  214. Rogers SN, Laher SH, Overend L et al (2002) Importance-rating using the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire in patients treated by primary surgery for oral and oro-pharyngeal cancer. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 30(2):125–132PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  215. Rogers SN, Lowe D, Yueh B et al (2010) The physical function and social-emotional function subscales of the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 136(4):352–357PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  216. Rolf C, Nieschlag E (1998) Potential adverse effects on longterm testosterone therapy. Bailliere Clin Endocrinol Metab 12(3):521–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. Rosen CA, Simpson CB (2008a) Nonsurgical treatment of voice disorders. In: Rosen CA, Simpson CB (eds) Operative techniques in laryngology. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  218. Rosen CA, Simpson CB (2008b) Operative techniques in laryngology. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  219. Ross S (1999) Dysphonia: osteopathic treatment. J Bodyw Mov Ther 3(3):133–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. Rubin JS, Liebermann J, Harris TM (2000) Laryngeal manipulation. Otolaryngol Chin North Am 33(5):1017–1034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. Rubin JS, Sataloff RT, Korovin GS (2006) Diagnosis and treatment of voice disorders, 3rd edn. Plural Publishing, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  222. Sataloff RT (1981) Professional singers: the science and art of clinical care. Am J Otolaryngol 2(3):262–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. Sataloff RT (2005) Professional voice. The science and art of clinical care, 3rd edn. Plural Publishing Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  224. Sataloff RT, Cline SE, Lyons KM et al (2005a) Voice rest. In: Sataloff RT (ed) Treatment of voice disorders, 2nd edn. Plural Publishing, San Diego CA, pp 41–45Google Scholar
  225. Sataloff RT, Hawkshaw MJ, Anticaglia J (2005b) Medications and the voice. In: Sataloff RT (ed) Treatment of voice disorders. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  226. Schachner A, Ovil Y, Sidi J et al (1989) Percutaneous tracheostomy—a new method. Crit Care Med 17(10):1052–1056PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  227. Schalen L, Christensen P, Eliasson I et al (1985) Inefficacy of penicillin V in acute laryngitis in adults: evaluation from results of double-blind study. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 94(1 Pt 1):14–17PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  228. Schiff M (1977) Medical management of acute laryngitis. In: Lawrence VL (ed) Transcripts of the sixth symposium: care of the professional voice. The Voice Foundation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  229. Schlömicher-Thier J, Weikert MHJ (2003) High level professional voice users vs semi-professionals and non-professionals. Poster presented at the 5th Pan European Voice Conference, Graz, Aug 2003Google Scholar
  230. Schlömicher-Thier J, Weikert MHJ (2015) Acute assessment of professional singers. In: Benninger MS, Murry T (eds) The performer’s voice, 2nd edn. Plural Publishing, San Diego, pp 209–222Google Scholar
  231. Schlondorff G (1966) Anabolic hormones and voice disorders. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 91:555–557Google Scholar
  232. Schmidt RA, Lee TD (2014) Motor learning and performance: from principles to application. Courier Companies Inc., North Chelmsford, MAGoogle Scholar
  233. Schneider-Stickler B, Bigenzahn W (2013) Stimmdiagnostik: Ein Leitfaden für die Praxis, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. Schneider-Stickler B, Kozon V, Assadian O et al (2013) Standard operating procedure: tracheostoma care. Avaliable via Accessed 5 Feb 2017
  235. Schröter-Morasch H (1996) Schweregradeinteilung der Aspiration bei Patienten mit Schluckstörungen. In: Gross M (ed) Aktuelle phoniatrisch-pädaudiologische Aspekte. Median Verlag, Berlin, pp 145–146Google Scholar
  236. Schulz G (2002) The effects of speech therapy and pharmacological treatments on voice and speech in treatment of Parkinson’s disease: a review of the literature. Curr Med Chem 9(14):1359–1366PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  237. Seidman MD (2006) Complementary and alternative medications and techniques. In: Benninger MS, Murry T (eds) The performer’s voice. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA, pp 163–176Google Scholar
  238. Seidner W (2004) Phoniatrische Notbehandlung bei Sängern und Schauspielern. HNO Aktuell 12(4):143–148Google Scholar
  239. Seidner W, Wendler J (2004) Die Sängerstimme. Henschel, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  240. Seidner W, Wendler J (2010) Die Sängerstimme, 4th edn. Henschel, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  241. Serafini I, Staffieri M (1976) La riabilitazione chirurgica della voce e della respirazione dopo laringectomia totale. Paper presented at the 29th National Congress of the Associazione Otologi Ospedalieri Italiana, BolognaGoogle Scholar
  242. Simberg S (2000) The resonance tube—a versatile device in voice therapy. In: Nine papers on logopedics and phoniatrics. Proceedings of the 5th Nordic Congress of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, Audiologopedisk Forening, 4–5 Feb 2000, Helsinki, Odense, pp 81–85Google Scholar
  243. Simberg S, Laine A (2007) The resonance tube method in voice therapy: description and practical implementations. Logoped Phoniatr Vocol 32(4):165–170PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  244. Smith S, Thyme K (1978) Accent Metoden- en teoretisk-pædagogisk fremstilling. Special-Pædagogisk Forlag, HerningGoogle Scholar
  245. Sovijarvi A (1969) Nya metoder vid behabdlingen av röstrubbringar. Nordisk Tidskrift for Tal og Stemme 3:121–131Google Scholar
  246. Sovijarvi A (1974) Therapeutic results of laryngeal asymmetric postures in dysphonic patients. World Papers in Phonetics, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  247. Spahn C, Richter B, Altenmüller E (2011) MusikerMedizin: Diagnostik, Therapie und Prävention von musikerspezifischen Erkrankungen. Schattauer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  248. Stead RJ, Cooke NJ (1989) Adverse effects of inhaled corticosteroids. Br Med J 298(6671):403–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. Stecco C (2015) Functional Atlas of the human fascial system, 1st edn. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, LondonGoogle Scholar
  250. Stefan H, Allmer F, Schalek K (2012) POP PraxisOrientierte Pflegediagnostik. Springer, Wien, pp 121, 186, 346, 474, 529, 536, 751Google Scholar
  251. Stemple JC (2000) Voice therapy: clinical studies, 2nd edn. Singular Publishing Group, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  252. Stephen H, Kaptein AA, Pruitt S (2003) Behavioural mechanisms explaining adherence. In: Adherence to long term therapies: evidence for action. World Health Organization, Geneva, pp 125–149Google Scholar
  253. Stock CR (1987) What is past is prologue: a short history of the development of tracheostomy. Ear Nose Throat J 66(4):166–169PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  254. Stone RE, Casteel RL (1982) Restoration of voice in non-organically based dysphonia. In: Filter MD (ed) Phonatory voice disorders in children. Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Springfield, pp 166–180Google Scholar
  255. Storck K (1910) Musik und Musiker in Karikatur und Satire. Stalling, OldenburgGoogle Scholar
  256. Sulica L (2004) Contemporary management of spasmodic dysphonia. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 12(6):543–548PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  257. Sullivan KL, Hauser RA, Zesiewicz TA (2003) Essential tremor: epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Neurologist 10(5):250–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. Sundberg J, Mecke AC (2015) Die Wissenschaft von der Singstimme. Wißner, AugsburgGoogle Scholar
  259. Švec JG, Šram F, Schutte HK (2000) Videokymography in 2000: the present state and perspectives of the high-speed line-imaging technique. In: Braunschweig T et al (eds) Advances in quantitative laryngoscopy, voice and speech research. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop. Jena, 7–8 Apr 2000. Friedrich-Schiller University, Jena, pp 57–62 (ISBN: 3–00-005636-X)Google Scholar
  260. Terré R, Mearin F (2015) A randomized controlled study of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in oropharyngeal dysphagia secondary to acquired brain injury. Eur J Neurol 22(4):687–e44PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  261. Thomas JP, Zubiaur FM (2013) Over-diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux as the cause of hoarseness. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 270(3):995–999PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  262. Thompson AR (1995) Pharmacological agents with effects on voice. Am J Otolaryngol 16(1):12–18PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  263. Thyme-Frøkjaer K, Frøkjær-Jensen B (2001) The accent method. A rational voice therapy in theory & practice. Speechmark, BicesterGoogle Scholar
  264. Titze IR (1994) Mechanical stress in phonation. J Voice 8(2):99–105PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  265. Titze IR (2006) Voice training and therapy with a semi-occluded vocal tract. Rationale and scientific underpinnings. J Speech Lang Hear Res 49(2):448–459PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  266. Titze IR (2008) Non-linear source-filter coupling in phonation: theory. J Acoust Soc Am 123(5):2733–2749PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. Tobin AE, Santamaria JD (2008) An intensivist-led tracheostomy review team is associated with shorter decannulation time and length of stay: a prospective cohort study. Crit Care 12(2):R48. Epub 2008 Apr 11PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. Toogood JH, Jennings B, Greenway RW et al (1980) Candidiasis and dysphonia complicating beclomethasone treatment of asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 65(2):145–153PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  269. Toyama K, Matsumoto S, Kurasawa M et al (2014) Novel neuromuscular electrical stimulation system for treatment of dysphagia after brain injury. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 54(7):521–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. Tucker HM (1978) Human laryngeal reinnervation: long-term experience with the nerve-muscle pedicle technique. Laryngoscope 88(4):598–604PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  271. Tucker HM (1982) Nerve-muscle pedicle reinnervation of the larynx: avoiding pitfalls and complications. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 91(4 Pt 1):440–444PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  272. Tucker HM (1989) Long-term results of nerve-muscle pedicle reinnervation for laryngeal paralysis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 98(9):674–676PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  273. Valizade Hasanloei MA, Mahoori A, Bazzazi AM et al (2014) Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy and surgically created tracheostomy in ICU patients. J Cardiovasc Thorac Res 6(1):43–46PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  274. van der Molen L, van Rossum MA, Jacobi I et al (2012) Pre- and post-treatment voice and speech outcomes in patients with advanced head and neck cancer treated with chemoradiotherapy: expert listeners’ and patient’s perception. J Voice 26(5):664.e25–664.e33Google Scholar
  275. Van Houtte E, Van Lierde K, Claeys S (2011) Pathophysiology and treatment of muscle tension dysphonia: a review of the current knowledge. J Voice 25(2):202–207PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  276. Van Lawrence L (1986) Sermon on hydration (The Evils of Dry). NATS J 42(4):22–23Google Scholar
  277. van Lith-Bijl JT, Mahieu HF, Stolk RJ et al (1996) Laryngeal abductor function after recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in cats. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 122(4):393–396PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  278. van Lith-Bijl JT, Stolk RJ, Tonnaer JA et al (1997) Selective laryngeal reinnervation with separate phrenic and ansa cervicalis nerve transfers. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 123(4):406–411PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  279. van Lith-Bijl JT, Stolk RJ, Tonnaer JA et al (1998) Laryngeal abductor reinnervation with a phrenic nerve transfer after a 9-month delay. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 124(4):393–398PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  280. Van Straten M, Josling P (2002) Preventing the common cold with a vitamin C supplement: a double-blind, placebo-controlled survey. Adv Ther 19(5):151–159PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  281. Verdolini-Marston K, Burke MK, Lessac A et al (1995) Preliminary study of two methods of treatment for laryngeal nodules. J Voice 9(1):74–85PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  282. Verrico MM, Weber RJ, McKaveney TP et al (2003) Adverse drug events involving COX-2 inhibitors. Ann Pharmacother 37(9):1203–1213PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  283. Vilkman E (2004) Occupational safety and health aspects of voice and speech professions. Folia Phoniatr Logop 56(4):220–253PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  284. Warrick P, Dromey C, Irish JC et al (2000) Botulinum toxin for essential tremor of the voice with multiple anatomic sites of tremor: a crossover design study of unilateral versus bilateral injection. Laryngoscope 110(8):1366–1374PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  285. Watkin KL, Ewanowski SJ (1985) Effects of aerosol corticosteroids on the voice: triamcinolone acetonide and beclomethasone dipropionate. J Speech Hear Res 28(2):301–304PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  286. Wendler J, Seidner W, Kittel G et al (2005) Lehrbuch der Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie, 4th edn. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  287. Wilken JA, Kane RL, Ellis AK et al (2003) A comparison of the effect of diphenhydramine and desloratadine on vigilance and cognitive function during treatment of ragweed-induced allergic rhinitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 91(4):375–385PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  288. Wolpe J (1958) Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition. Stanford University Press, StanfordGoogle Scholar
  289. Yamagishi J, Veaux C, King S et al (2012) Speech synthesis technologies for individuals with vocal disabilities: voice banking and reconstruction. Acoust Sci Technol 33(1):1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  290. Yiu E, Yee-Ian Kwong E (2005) Acupuncture for voice disorders. In: Proceedings of 6th Pan European Voice Conference, August 31–September 3, 2005, London. British Voice Association, London, p 79Google Scholar
  291. Ylitalo R, Hammarberg B (2000) Voice characteristics, effects of voice therapy, and long-term follow-up of contact granuloma patients. J Voice 14(4):557–566PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  292. Ylitalo R, Ramel S (2002) Extraesophageal reflux in patients with contact granuloma: a prospective controlled study. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 111(5 Pt 1):441–446PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  293. Zahoor AK, Green P, Creer S et al (2011) Reconstructing the voice of an individual following laryngectomy. Augment Altern Commun 27(1):1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  294. Zealear DL, Dedo HH (1977) Control of paralysed axial muscles by electrical stimulation. Acta Otolaryngol 83(5–6):514–527PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  295. Zeitels SM, Healy GB (2003) Laryngology and phonosurgery. N Engl J Med 349(9):882–892PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  296. Zen H, Tokuda K, Black A (2009) Statistical parametric speech synthesis. Speech Commun 51(11):1039–1064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  297. Zheng H, Zhou S, Li Z et al (2002) Reinnervation of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle by the phrenic nerve for bilateral vocal cord paralysis in humans. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi (Chin J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg) 37(3):210–214Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sevtap Akbulut
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jan Betka
    • 2
  • Viktor Chrobok
    • 3
  • Hanna Czerniejewska-Wolska
    • 4
  • Felix de Jong
    • 6
  • Ilter Denizoglu
    • 5
  • Ahmed Geneid
    • 6
  • Mehmet Akif Kilic
    • 7
  • Nasser Kotby
    • 8
  • Jean-Paul Marie
    • 9
  • Sławomir Marszałek
    • 10
  • Andreas Müller
    • 11
  • Tadeus Nawka
    • 12
  • Haldun Oguz
    • 13
  • Arno Olthoff
    • 14
  • Anders Overgård Jønsson
    • 15
  • Mette Pedersen
    • 16
  • Antoni Pruszewicz
    • 17
  • Barbora Řepová
    • 2
  • Jan Romportl
    • 18
  • Josef Schlömicher-Thier
    • 19
  • Berit Schneider-Stickler
    • 20
  • Wolfram Seidner
    • 21
  • Matthias Weikert
    • 22
  • Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica
    • 23
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyYeditepe UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck SurgeryCharles University in Prague and University Hospital MotolPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity Hospital Hradec KraloveHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Phoniatrics and AudiologyPoznan University of the Medical Sciences PolandPoznanPoland
  5. 5.Medical Park Hospital Imbatli MahallesiIzmirTurkey
  6. 6.Department of Otolaryngology and Phoniatrics – Head and Neck SurgeryHelsinki University Central HospitalHelsinkiFinland
  7. 7.Department of OtolaryngologyFaculty of Medicine, Medeniyet UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  8. 8.Otolaryngology and PhoniatricsAin Shams University CairoCairoEgypt
  9. 9.Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery DepartmentCentre Hospitalier UniversitaireRouenFrance
  10. 10.Department of Head and Neck SurgeryPoznan University of Medical SciencesPoznanPoland
  11. 11.Department Otorhinolaryngology/Plastic SurgerySRH Wald-Klinikum Gera gGmbH, Teaching Hospital of the Friedrich-Schiller-University JenaGeraGermany
  12. 12.Department of Audiology and PhoniatricsCharité—University Medicine BerlinBerlinGermany
  13. 13.FonomerAnkaraTurkey
  14. 14.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Phoniatrics and PedaudiologyUniversity Medical Center GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  15. 15.University of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  16. 16.Voice UnitThe Medical CenterCopenhagenDenmark
  17. 17.Department of Phoniatrics and AudiologyPoznań University of the Medical Sciences PolandPoznanPoland
  18. 18.Department of Man-Machine Interaction, New Technologies Research CentreUniversity of West BohemiaPilsenCzech Republic
  19. 19.International Voice Center Austria (IVCA)Neumarkt am WallerseeAustria
  20. 20.Division of Phoniatrics-Logopedics, Department of OtorhinolaryngologyMedical University ViennaWienAustria
  21. 21.Former Department for Phoniatrics and Pediatric AudiologyUniversity ENT Clinic Charité (Campus Mitte)BerlinGermany
  22. 22.Clinic St. Hedwig, Barmherzige BrüderRegensburgGermany
  23. 23.Department of Phoniatrics and AudiologyPoznan University of Medical SciencesPoznanPoland

Personalised recommendations