Phoniatrics I pp 983-1086 | Cite as

Rehabilitation and Prognosis of Disorders of Hearing Development

  • Songul Aksoy
  • Antoinette am Zehnhoff-Dinnesen
  • Ahmet Atas
  • Doris-Eva Bamiou
  • Sylva Bartel-Friedrich
  • Claire Benton
  • Steffi Johanna Brockmeier
  • Nicole G. Campbell
  • Gwen Carr
  • Marco Caversaccio
  • Hatice Celik
  • Jakub Dršata
  • Kate Hanvey
  • Mona Hegazi
  • Reinhild Hofmann (born Glanemann)
  • Malte Kob
  • Martin Kompis
  • Peter Matulat
  • Wendy McCracken
  • David R. Moore
  • Dirk Mürbe
  • Haldun Oguz
  • Levent N. Ozluoglu
  • Kayhan Öztürk
  • Ross Parfitt
  • Stefan Plontke
  • Ute Pröschel
  • Karen Reichmuth
  • Debbie Rix
  • Charlotte Rogers
  • Mustafa Asim Safak
  • Tony Sirimanna
  • Konstance Tzifa
  • Christoph von Ilberg
  • Thomas Wiesner
  • Katherine Wilson
Part of the European Manual of Medicine book series (EUROMANUAL)


The prognosis of childhood hearing impairment depends upon the type of hearing disorder diagnosed, its severity and time of onset, the time points at which the hearing impairment was detected and treatment begun, the nature and quality of the treatment and of professional and family support and the presence of associated disorders.

The care of hearing-impaired children requires a multidisciplinary team. This chapter provides an overview of treatment options.

After presenting parental guidance programmes, selection and fitting of hearing aids in infants and children are introduced. Indications of bone conduction hearing aids and of cochlear implants (CI) including electric-acoustic stimulation are defined. Fitting of the CI and the post-operative (re)habilitation programme are described. Training in handling hearing aids and additional technical devices, such as wireless microphone systems and CI, is explicated.

A basic overview is given of tinnitus management and of rehabilitation strategies for auditory processing disorder. Potential concepts to improve the acoustics in classrooms are presented.

Family-centred programmes and key issues in the planning of educational support services for hearing-impaired children are provided.

Psychological and socio-emotional consequences of hearing impairment for the child and its parents are considered and intervention programmes presented.

Special diagnostic needs of children with multiple handicaps and special rehabilitation programmes are described.

General therapeutic approaches for childhood ear diseases are introduced, comprising medical and surgical treatment up to techniques for auricular dysplasia and atresia. Multidisciplinary cooperation in the management of children with different stages of cleft palate is underlined.

Genetic treatment options are introduced.


Rehabilitation programmes Hearing devices Cochlear implant Conservative/surgical treatment Prognosis 

Supplementary material

307062_1_En_18_MOESM1_ESM.mp4 (9 mb)
Video with Case Study 18.1 Muenster Parental Programme (MPP)—responsive parenting in early mother-child interaction (MP4 9174 kb)
307062_1_En_18_MOESM2_ESM.mp4 (213.9 mb)
Video 18.1 Cochlear implantation (MP4 219054 kb)
307062_1_En_18_MOESM3_ESM.mp4 (213.9 mb)
Video 18.2 Cochlear implantation (MP4 219054 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Songul Aksoy
    • 1
  • Antoinette am Zehnhoff-Dinnesen
    • 2
  • Ahmet Atas
    • 4
    • 5
  • Doris-Eva Bamiou
    • 6
  • Sylva Bartel-Friedrich
    • 7
  • Claire Benton
    • 8
  • Steffi Johanna Brockmeier
    • 10
  • Nicole G. Campbell
    • 11
  • Gwen Carr
    • 12
  • Marco Caversaccio
    • 13
  • Hatice Celik
    • 14
  • Jakub Dršata
    • 15
  • Kate Hanvey
    • 16
  • Mona Hegazi
    • 17
  • Reinhild Hofmann (born Glanemann)
    • 3
  • Malte Kob
    • 18
  • Martin Kompis
    • 19
  • Peter Matulat
    • 2
  • Wendy McCracken
    • 20
  • David R. Moore
    • 21
  • Dirk Mürbe
    • 22
  • Haldun Oguz
    • 23
  • Levent N. Ozluoglu
    • 24
  • Kayhan Öztürk
    • 25
  • Ross Parfitt
    • 2
  • Stefan Plontke
    • 7
  • Ute Pröschel
    • 26
  • Karen Reichmuth
    • 2
  • Debbie Rix
    • 27
  • Charlotte Rogers
    • 9
  • Mustafa Asim Safak
    • 28
  • Tony Sirimanna
    • 29
  • Konstance Tzifa
    • 30
  • Christoph von Ilberg
    • 31
  • Thomas Wiesner
    • 32
  • Katherine Wilson
    • 33
  1. 1.Department of AudiologyHacettepe UniversitySıhhiye-AnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Clinic of Phoniatrics and PedaudiologyUniversity Hospital MünsterMünsterGermany
  3. 3.ICBF Germany International Talent CentreWestphalian Wilhelms-University MunsterMünsterGermany
  4. 4.Department of Audiology, Faculty of Health ScienceIstanbul University CerrahpasaİstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.Department of ENT—Audiology and Speech Pathology, Faculty of Medicineİstanbul University CerrahpasaİstanbulTurkey
  6. 6.National Hospita l for Neurology and NeurosurgeryLondonUK
  7. 7.Department of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity Hospital Martin Luther University Halle-WittenbergHalle (Saale)Germany
  8. 8.Nottingham Audiology Services, Ropewalk HouseNottinghamUK
  9. 9.Leicester School of Allied Health Sciences, De Montfort University, Hawthorn BuildingLeicesterUK
  10. 10.ENT Clinic, Audiology, Phoniatrics, Neuro-OtologyKantonsspital Aarau AGAarauSwitzerland
  11. 11.Auditory Implant ServiceUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  12. 12.UCL Ear Institute, University College LondonLondonUK
  13. 13.Universitätsklinik für Hals-, Nasen- und Ohrenkrankheiten (HNO), Kopf- und Halschirurgie, InselspitalBernSwitzerland
  14. 14.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyAnkara Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  15. 15.Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity Hospital Hradec KraloveHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  16. 16.Aston University Day Hospital, Birmingham Children’s Hospital, The Midlands Hearing Implant ProgrammeBirminghamUK
  17. 17.ENT DepartmentAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  18. 18.Detmold University of Music, Erich Thienhaus Institute, Music Acoustics and Theory of Music TransmissionDetmoldGermany
  19. 19.Universitätsklinik für Hals-, Nasen- und Ohrenkrankheiten, InselspitalBernSwitzerland
  20. 20.School of Psychological SciencesUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  21. 21.Communication Sciences Research Center, Cincinnati Children’s HospitalCincinnatiUSA
  22. 22.Department of Audiology and PhoniatricsCharité— University Medicine BerlinBerlinGermany
  23. 23.FonomerAnkaraTurkey
  24. 24.Department of OtolaryngologyBaskent UniversityEtimesgut/AnkaraTurkey
  25. 25.Department of OtolaryngologySelcuk University, School of MedicineYeni Istanbul, Caddesi, KonyaTurkey
  26. 26.Institut für Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie, Vestische Kinder- und Jugendklinik DattelnDattelnGermany
  27. 27.Wandsworth Hearing Support Service, Linden Lodge SchoolLondonUK
  28. 28.Department of OtolaryngologyNear East UniversityLefkosaTurkey
  29. 29.Audiological Medicine and Cochlear Implant DepartmentGreat Ormond Street HospitalLondonUK
  30. 30.Birmingham Children’s HospitalBirminghamUK
  31. 31.Meniere-Center-FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainGermany
  32. 32.Department of Phoniatrics and Pediatric AudiologyWerner Otto Institut gGmbHHamburgGermany
  33. 33.St Thomas’ Hearing Implant Centre, St Thomas’ HospitalLondonUK

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