Manipulation Under Anesthesia for Frozen Shoulders

  • Eiji ItoiEmail author
  • Hiroshi Minagawa


Manipulation under anesthesia is commonly used when conservative treatment does not work in patients with frozen shoulder. This is an effective treatment option for refractory frozen shoulder. It is as effective as, but less costly than, arthroscopic capsular release. Manipulation can be performed under general anesthesia, but it can also be performed under interscalene block. Serious complications such as a fracture should be avoided with use of a short lever arm with slow and gentle motion. High-quality evidence needs to be established.


Frozen shoulder Manipulation General anesthesia Intersalene block 

Supplementary material

Video 19.1

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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryTohoku University School of MedicineSendaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryJoto Orthopaedic HospitalAkitaJapan

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