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Interactions Between Keratinocytes and Somatosensory Neurons in Itch

Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 226)

Abstract

Keratinocytes are epithelial cells that make up the stratified epidermis of the skin. Recent studies suggest that keratinocytes promote chronic itch. Changes in skin morphology that accompany a variety of chronic itch disorders and the multitude of inflammatory mediators secreted by keratinocytes that target both sensory neurons and immune cells highlight the importance of investigating the connection between keratinocytes and chronic itch. This chapter addresses some of the most recent data and models for the role keratinocytes play in the development and maintenance of chronic itch.

Keywords

Atopic dermatitis Chronic itch Cytokines DRG Keratinocytes Neurogenic inflammation TSLP 

Abbreviations

AD

Atopic dermatitis

CALCRL

Calcitonin receptor-like receptor

CCL5

Chemokine ligand 5

CGRP

Calcitonin gene-related peptide

DRG

Dorsal root ganglia

ER

Endoplasmic reticulum

ET-1

Endothelin-1

H1R

Histamine 1 receptor

IL

Interleukin

KLK

Kallikrein

NFAT

Nuclear factor of activated T cells

NGF

Nerve growth factor

NK1R

Neurokinin 1 receptor

ORAI1

Calcium release-activated calcium channel protein 1

PAR2

Protease-activated receptor 2

SLIGRL

Ser–Leu–Iso–Gly–Arg–Leu

SP

Substance P

TH2

T helper type 2

TRPA1

Transient receptor potential cation channel A1

TRPV1

Transient receptor potential cation channel V1

TSLP

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin

VCAM-1

Vascular cellular adhesion molecule 1

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Cellular BiologyUniversity of California BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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