Hitting Forbidden Subgraphs in Graphs of Bounded Treewidth

  • Marek Cygan
  • Dániel Marx
  • Marcin Pilipczuk
  • Michał Pilipczuk
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8635)

Abstract

We study the complexity of a generic hitting problem H-Subgraph Hitting , where given a fixed pattern graph H and an input graph G, we seek for the minimum size of a set X ⊆ V(G) that hits all subgraphs of G isomorphic to H. In the colorful variant of the problem, each vertex of G is precolored with some color from V(H) and we require to hit only H-subgraphs with matching colors. Standard techniques (e.g., Courcelle’s theorem) show that, for every fixed H and the problem is fixed-parameter tractable parameterized by the treewidth of G; however, it is not clear how exactly the running time should depend on treewidth. For the colorful variant, we demonstrate matching upper and lower bounds showing that the dependence of the running time on treewidth of G is tightly governed by μ(H), the maximum size of a minimal vertex separator in H. That is, we show for every fixed H that, on a graph of treewidth t, the colorful problem can be solved in time \(2^{\mathcal{O}(t^{\mu (H)})}\cdot|V(G)|\), but cannot be solved in time \(2^{o(t^{\mu (H)})}\cdot |V(G)|^{O(1)}\), assuming the Exponential Time Hypothesis (ETH). Furthermore, we give some preliminary results showing that, in the absence of colors, the parameterized complexity landscape of H-Subgraph Hitting is much richer.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marek Cygan
    • 1
  • Dániel Marx
    • 2
  • Marcin Pilipczuk
    • 3
  • Michał Pilipczuk
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of InformaticsUniversity of WarsawPoland
  2. 2.Institute for Computer Science and ControlHungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA SZTAKI)Hungary
  3. 3.Department of InformaticsUniversity of BergenNorway

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