Consciousness pp 157-161 | Cite as

Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff

Consciousness and Quantum Physics
  • Andrea Eugenio Cavanna
  • Andrea Nani


Sir Roger Penrose (born on 8 August 1931) is a British mathematician who has given outstanding contributions in mathematical physics, especially within the fields of general relativity and cosmology. He has also collaborated with British theoretical physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking, with whom he shared the Wolf Prize for physics in 1988. Penrose studied at University College London, where he graduated in mathematics. In 1958, he earned his PhD from the University of Cambridge. He currently is Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the Mathematical Institute of the University of Oxford and Emeritus Fellow of Wadham College.


  1. Hameroff S, Penrose R (2014) Consciousness in the universe: a review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory. Phys Life Rev 11:39–78PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Penrose R (1989) The emperor’s new mind: concerning computers, minds, and the laws of physics. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Penrose R (1994) Shadows of the mind: an approach to the missing science of consciousness. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Eugenio Cavanna
    • 1
  • Andrea Nani
    • 2
  1. 1.Michael Trimble Neuropsychiatry Research GroupBSMHFT and University of Birmingham Aston UniversityBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Michael Trimble Neuropsychiatry Research GroupBSMHFT and University of BirminghamBirminghamUK

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