Publishing Linked Data on the Web: The Multilingual Dimension

  • Daniel Vila-SueroEmail author
  • Asunción Gómez-Pérez
  • Elena Montiel-Ponsoda
  • Jorge Gracia
  • Guadalupe Aguado-de-Cea


Linked Data technologies and methods are enabling the creation of a data network where pieces of data are interconnected on the Web using machine-readable formats such as Resource Description Framework (RDF). This paradigm offers great opportunities to connect and make available knowledge in different languages. However, in order to make this vision a reality, there is a need for guidelines, techniques, and methods that allow publishers of data to overcome language and technological barriers. In this chapter, we review existing methodologies from the point of view of multilingualism and propose a series of guidelines to help publishers when publishing Linked Data in several languages.

Key Words

Linked data Multilingual linked data Semantic web 



This work has been supported by the BabelData (TIN2010-17550) and myBigData (TIN2010-17060) Spanish projects and by the FP7 Monnet (FP7-ICT-4-248458) and FP7 Lider (FP7-ICT-2013.4.1) European projects. The authors would also like to thank the editors and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions and Luis Vilches-Blázquez for providing the examples of


  1. Alexander, K., Cyganiak, R., Hausenblas, M., & Zhao, J. (2011). Describing linked datasets with the VoID vocabulary. W3C interest group note, W3C. void/
  2. Auer, S., Bühmann, L., Dirschl, C., Erling, O., Hausenblas, M., Isele, R., & Williams, H. (2012). Managing the life-cycle of linked data with the LOD2 Stack. The Semantic Web-ISWC 2012 (pp. 1–16). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Auer, S., Lehmann, J., & Hellmann, S. (2009). Linkedgeodata: Adding a spatial dimension to the web of data. The Semantic Web-ISWC 2009 (pp. 731–746). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  4. Auer, S., Weidl, M., Lehmann, J., Zaveri, A. J., & Choi, K. S. (2010). I18n of semantic web applications. The Semantic Web-ISWC 2010 (pp. 1–16). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Berners-Lee, T. (2006). Design issues: Linked Data (Last viewed 2013, April). Online resource available at
  6. Bizer, C., Heath, T., & Berners-Lee, T. (2009). Linked data-the story so far. International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS), 5(3), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Caracciolo, C., Stellato, A., Morshed, A., Johannsen, G., Rajbhandari, S., Jaques, Y., et~al. (2013). The AGROVOC linked dataset. Semantic Web Journal, 4, 341–348.Google Scholar
  8. Cimiano, P., Buitelaar, P., McCrae, J., & Sintek, M. (2010). LexInfo: A declarative model for the lexicon-ontology interface. Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web, 9(1), 29–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Das, S., Sundara, S., & Cyganiak, R. (2012). R2RML: RDB to RDF mapping language. W3C Recommendation, World wide web consortium.Google Scholar
  10. Dunning, T. (1994) Statistical identification of language. (Memoranda in computer and cognitive science). Computing Research Laboratory, New Mexico State University.Google Scholar
  11. Espinoza, M., Montiel-Ponsoda, E., & Gómez-Pérez, A. (2009). Ontology localization. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Knowledge Capture (KCAP09) (pp. 33–40).Google Scholar
  12. Ferrara, A., Nikolov, A., & Scharffe, F. (2011). Data linking for the semantic web. International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS), 7(3), 46–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gómez-Pérez, A., Vila-Suero, D., Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Gracia J., & Aguado-de-Cea, G. (2013). Guidelines for multilingual linked data. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics (WIMS ’13). New York: ACM, Article 3, 12 pages.Google Scholar
  14. Gottron, T., & Lipka, N. (2010). A comparison of language identification approaches on short, query-style texts. In C. Gurrin, Y. He, G. Kazai, U. Kruschwitz, S. Little, T. Roelleke, S.M. Rüger, & K. van Rijsbergen (Eds.), ECIR. Volume 5993 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science (pp. 611–614). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  15. Gracia, J., Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Cimiano, P., Gómez-Pérez, A., Buitelaar, P., & McCrae, J. (2011). Challenges for the multilingual web of data. Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web, 11, 63–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Heath, T., & Bizer, C. (2011). Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space (1st edition). Synthesis Lectures on the Semantic Web: Theory and Technology, 1:1, 1–136. Morgan & Claypool.Google Scholar
  17. Hyland, B., Villazón-Terrazas, B., & Atemezig, G. (2013). Best practices for publishing linked data. W3C Note 18 April 2013.
  18. Isaac, A., & Haslhofer, B. (2013). European linked open data – Semantic Web Journal, to appear. Available from
  19. Kobilarov, G., Scott, T., Raimond, Y., Oliver, S., Sizemore, C., Smethurst, M., Bizer, C. & Lee, R. (2009). Media meets semantic web – how the BBC uses DBpedia and linked data to make connections. Proceedings of the 6th European Semantic Web Conference on The Semantic Web: Research and Applications (ESWC 2009 Heraklion) (pp. 723–737). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. Labra Gayo, J. E., Kontokostas, D., & Auer, S. (2014) Multilingual linked open data patterns. Semantic Web Journal (to appear).
  21. Maali, F., Cyganiak, R., & Peristeras, V. (2012). A publishing pipeline for linked government data. In The semantic web: Research and applications (pp. 778–792). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  22. Maali, F., Erickson, J., & Archer, P. (2013) Data catalog vocabulary (DCAT) W3C working draft 12 March 2013.
  23. McCrae, J., Aguado de Cea, G., Buitelaar, P., Cimiano, P., Declerck, T., Gómez- Pérez, A., et~al. (2012). Interchanging lexical resources in the Semantic Web. Language Resources and Evaluation, 46(4), 701–719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Gracia, J., Aguado de Cea, G., & Gómez-Pérez, A. (2011a). Representing translations on the Semantic Web. Proceedings of the Workshop on the Multilingual Semantic Web, CEUR-Proceedings Vol. 775 (pp. 25–37).Google Scholar
  25. Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Vila-Suero, D., Villazón-Terrazas, B., Dunsire, G., Escolano Rodríguez, E., & Gómez-Pérez, A. (2011b). Style guidelines for naming and labeling ontologies in the multilingual Web. Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, DCMI ’11. Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, 2011.Google Scholar
  26. Vila-Suero, D., & Gómez-Pérez, A. (2013). and MARiMbA: an insight into library linked data. Library Hi Tech, 31(4), 575–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vilches-Blázquez, L. M., Villazón-Terrazas, B., Corcho, O., & Gómez-Pérez, A. (2013). Integrating geographical information in the linked digital earth. International Journal of Digital Earth, 7(7), 554–575.Google Scholar
  28. Villazón-Terrazas, B., Vilches-Blázquez, L., Corcho, O., & Gómez-Pérez, A. (2011). Methodological guidelines for publishing government linked data. In D. Wood (Ed.), Linking government data (pp. 27–49). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Vossen, P. (2004). EuroWordNet: A multilingual database of autonomous and language-specific wordnets connected via an inter-lingual-index. International Journal of Lexicography, 17(2), 161–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Vila-Suero
    • 1
    Email author
  • Asunción Gómez-Pérez
    • 1
  • Elena Montiel-Ponsoda
    • 1
  • Jorge Gracia
    • 1
  • Guadalupe Aguado-de-Cea
    • 1
  1. 1.Ontology Engineering GroupUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations