A Framework for Integrating Motivational Techniques in Technology Enhanced Learning
Motivation is a key factor in education. While there exist some learning system that consider techniques for motivating learners, these systems implement only one or few techniques and assume that the respective technique(s) work well for all learners. However, learners are motivated differently and what is motivating for one learner can be demotivating for another learner. In this paper, we introduce a framework of motivational techniques, which suggests motivational techniques that can be included in learning systems, discusses the relationships between these techniques, situations where the techniques might be demotivational for learners, and requirements of the techniques to be integrated into a course and learning system. This framework aims at providing guidelines on how to implement a set of motivational techniques into learning systems and is the basis for providing personalization based on motivational aspects in learning systems, presenting learners only with motivational techniques that work well for them.
KeywordsMotivation personalized learning personalized learning systems
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