Advertisement

The Rise, Development and Extinction of Stromatoporoids

  • Deyuan Dong
Part of the Palaeontologia Cathayana book series (PALAEONTOLOGIA, volume 5)

Abstract

When did the oldest stromatoporoid begin? Yavorsky, a Soviet geologist, described in 1932 the Middle Cambrian stromatoporoids: Clathrodictyon and Anostylostroma from western Siberia. Later on, V. Khalfina (1960) acquired some new materials, renamed Anostylostroma vologdini as Praeactinostroma vologdini and designated some species of Clathrodictyon as korovinella. Are they really stromatoporoids? Are the fossil-bearing beds correctly defined? Flügel (1957), after discussing them, pointed out that they are probably Archaeocyathida but not Stromatoporoidea. Galloway (1957) asserted that they are Archaeocyathida. Moreover, he pointed out that stromatoporoids probably evolved from Archaeocyathida, exactly from Exocyathus or from the related genera. Not only that, he thought that the oldest stromatoporoid began to appear in the Middle Ordovician and that in the Ordovician the simplest stromatoporoid, i. e. Cystostroma vermontense showed its coenosteum consisting of arched cyst plates but lacking in pillars. However, the first discovery of stromatoporoids in China is known from the lower member of the Majiagou Formation (late Early Ordovician) in Suxian and Xiaoxian, northern Anhui. Among them are Labechia, Rosenella, Aulacera, Cystistroma and Cryptophragmus, but Cystostroma is absent. In consideration of this, it is uncertain whether Cystostroma is the oldest stromatoporoid. Of the above forms, Cryptophragmus is simple in structure, and its coenosteum consists of large upward-arched cyst plates which are superposed one by one to take a columnar shape. The question whether it is the oldest stromatoporoid remains to be settled. Nevertheless, the above-mentioned fact indicates that stromatoporoid rose from the late Early Ordovician and developed from then on. Thus we should cast away the view that stromatoporoid first appeared in the Middle Ordovician.

Keywords

Late Jurassic Middle Jurassic Middle Triassic Middle Devonian Early Carboniferous 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bogoyavlenskaya, O. V., 1969a. Catalogus of Stromatoporoidea. Paleont. Zhur., 1, 147–148 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Bogoyavlenskaya, O. V., 1969b. Classification of Stromatoporoidea. Ibid., 4, 12–26 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Dong Deyuan, 1964. Stromatoporoids from the Early Carboniferous of Kwangsi and kueichow. Acta palaeont. Sinica, 12 (2), 280–291 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  4. Dong Deyuan, 1981. Upper Jurassic Stromatoporoids from northern Xizang. In: Palaeontology of Xizang (3), 115–126. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  5. Dong Deyuan, 1982. Lower Ordovician stromatoporoids of northern Anhui. Acta Palaeont. Sinica, 21 (5), 577–583 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  6. Dong Deyuan, 1985. Silurian and Lower Devonian stromatoporoids from Darhan Mumingan Joint Banner, Inner Mongolia. In: Silurian and Devonian Rocks and Fauna of the Bateaobao Area in Darhan Mumingan Joint Banner, Inner Mongolia. Inner Mongolia People’s Press, 57–77 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  7. Dong Deyuan, and Wang Baoyu, 1984. Paleozoic stromatoporoids from Xinjiang and their stratigraphical significance. Bull. Nanjing Inst. Geol. Palaeont., 7, 237–286. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  8. Dong Deyuan, and Wang Baoyu, 1985. Cnidarian fauna from the Mesozoic of South Xinjiang. Acta Palaeont. Sinica, 24 (4), 449–452 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  9. Dong Deyuan, and Wang Chengyuan, 1982. Devonian stromatoporoids of eastern Yunnan. Bull. Nanjing Inst. Geol. Palaeont., 4, 1–40 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  10. Galloway, J. J., 1957. Structure and classification of the Stromatoporoidea. Bull. Amer. Paleont., 37 (164), 345–470.Google Scholar
  11. Gorsky, I., 1938. Some stromatoporoids from palaeozoic beds of Novay Zemlya. Tran. Arctic Inst. Leningrad, 101, 7–45 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Khalfina, V. K. and Yavorsky, V. I, 1974. On the evolution of stromatoporoids. Cnidaria (1). Acad. Sci. USSR. Siberia. Tran. Inst. Geol. Geoph., 201, 38–45 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  13. Lecompte, M., 1951–1952. Les Stromatoporoidea du Devonien moyen et superieur du Bassin de Dinant. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique Mem., 116–117.Google Scholar
  14. Lecompte, M., 1956. Stromatoporoides, In: Treatise of Invertbrate Paleontology, part F. Coelenterata, 107–144. Geol. Soc. America and Univ. Kansas Press.Google Scholar
  15. Mori, K., 1968. Stromatoporoids from the Silurian of Goltland. pt. 1. Stockolm contrib. Geol., 19, 1–100.Google Scholar
  16. Nestor, H. A., 1974. On the Phylogeny of Palaeozoic stormatoporoids. Cnidaria (1). Acad. Sci. USSR. Siberia. Tran. Inst. Geol. Geoph., 201, 27–38 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  17. Steam, C. W., 1972. The relationship of the stromatoporoida to the Sclerosponges. Lethaia, 5, 369–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Steam, C. W., 1980. Classification of the paleozoic stromatoporoids. Jour. Paleont., 54 (5). 881–902.Google Scholar
  19. Turnsek, D., 1966. Upper Jurassic hydrozoan fauna from southern Slovenia. Razprave Slov. Acad. Znan. Umetr., 4 (9), 1–94.Google Scholar
  20. Yang Jingzhi and Dong Deyuan, 1979. Devonian stromatoporoids from central and eastern parts of Guangxi, China. Palaeont. Sinica. (B). 14 (in Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deyuan Dong
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanjing Institute of Geology and PalaeontologyAcademia SinicaChina

Personalised recommendations